Search for dissertations about: "low- and middle-income country"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 32 swedish dissertations containing the words low- and middle-income country.

  1. 1. Antibiotic use among children in low- and middle-income countries : Studies on global trends, and contextual determinants of antibiotic prescribing in Eastern Uganda

    Author : Gbemisola Allwell-Brown; Emily White Johansson; Andreas Mårtensson; Freddy Kitutu; Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb; Susanne Strömdahl; Mike English; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; antibiotic; child; low- and middle-income countries; LMICs; fever; under-five; Uganda; primary healthcare; health systems; Social Medicine; Socialmedicin; International Health; Internationell hälsa; Epidemiologi; Epidemiology; Family Medicine; Allmänmedicin; Pediatrik; Pediatrics;

    Abstract : This thesis aimed to systematically map trends in reported antibiotic use (RAU) among sick under-five children across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in 2005-2017, and, to understand the contextual determinants of antibiotic prescribing in Eastern Uganda. Based on 132 national surveys from 73 LMICs, and using Bayesian linear regression models, trends in RAU among sick under-five children (with symptoms of fever, diarrhoea or cough with fast/difficult breathing) across LMICs in 2005-2017 were mapped by WHO region, World Bank country income group, symptom complaint (Study-I), and by the following user characteristics: rural/urban residence, maternal education, household wealth and source of care (Study-II). READ MORE

  2. 2. Essays on International Health Economics: The Role of Health Insurance in Health Care Financing in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

    Author : Björn Ekman; Socialepidemiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Low- and middle-income country; Health insurance; Health financing; Samhällsvetenskaper; Social sciences; Econometric analysis; Equity;

    Abstract : The thesis consists of an introductory chapter and four independent research papers, summarized as follows. The introductory chapter discusses the role of economics in international health and the policy contributions of each of the particular papers. In addition, the data and the methods that have been used are discussed. READ MORE

  3. 3. Healthcare context for knowledge translation in Vietnam : Development and application of the Context Assessment for Community Health (COACH) tool

    Author : Duong Duc; Lars Wallin; Anna Bergström; Leif Eriksson; Bui Ha; Christopher R Burton; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Knowledge translation; Vietnam; Low- and middle-income country; Healthcare context; Context Assessment for Community Health COACH tool; Psychometric properties; Tool development.; Hälso- och sjukvårdsforskning; Health Care Research;

    Abstract : The failure to translate evidence into clinical practice has been repeatedly highlighted. This failure is partly attributed to disregarding the context within which healthcare is delivered. READ MORE

  4. 4. Health workforce development post-1990s health sector reforms : the case of medical doctors in Tanzania

    Author : Nathanael Sirili; Anna-Karin Hurtig; Isabel Goicolea; Angwara Denis Kiwara; Ottar Mædstad; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; health sector reforms; health workforce; doctors; training; deployment; retention; decentralized health sector; public-private partnership; rural; Tanzania; low- and middle- income countries; Public health; folkhälsa;

    Abstract : Background: Health systems in many low- and middle-income countries suffer from critical shortages and inequitable geographical distribution of the health workforce. Since the 1940s, many low- and middle-income countries have passed through different regimes of health sector reforms; the most recent one was in the 1990s. READ MORE

  5. 5. Urban livestock production in Cambodia : socio-economic benefits and public health hazards

    Author : Gunilla Ström Hallenberg; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; []
    Keywords : LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES;

    Abstract : Keeping livestock can make an important contribution to the livelihoods of poor urban dwellers. There are concerns, however, that livestock keeping in and around urban areas may lead to environmental problems and increased incidence of disease transfer between animals and humans (zoonoses). READ MORE