Search for dissertations about: "lung disease in children"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 53 swedish dissertations containing the words lung disease in children.

  1. 1. Epidemiology of asthma in primary school children

    Author : Anders Bjerg Bäcklund; Eva Rönmark; Bo Lundbäck; Thomas Sandström; Giovanni Viegi; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Asthma; wheeze; child; allergic sensitisation; prevalence; remission; risk factor; trend; Lung diseases; Lungsjukdomar;

    Abstract : Background: Childhood asthma has increased worldwide, although recent studies report a prevalence plateau in some western countries.Aims: To investigate the prevalence of asthma and the associated risk factor patterns from ages 7-8 to 11-12 with special emphasis on the hereditary component, and further to study prevalence trends at age 7-8 from 1996 to 2006 and the possible determinants of these trends. READ MORE

  2. 2. Assessment of chest physiotherapy in children

    Author : Anna-Lena Lagerkvist; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : adolescent; airway disease; chest clapping; chest physiotherapy; child; cystic fibrosis; infant; mucus; multiple severe disabilities; non-cooperative; PEP; oscillating PEP; transcutaneous blood gas analysis;

    Abstract : Chest physiotherapy (CPT) is used to improve the lung function and blood gas tensions in individuals with respiratory disease. The aim of this thesis was to assess and compare immediate effects of CPT with positive expiratory pressure (PEP) and oscillating PEP (OscPEP) on blood gas tensions in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), to assess effects of CPT with PEP in severely disabled children, to describe and evaluate a new CPT method for children who cannot co-operate, and to compare obtained results with chest clapping. READ MORE

  3. 3. Epidemiology of food hypersensitivity in school children : validation with double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges and biomarkers

    Author : Anna Winberg; Christina West; Eva Rönmark; Sibylle Koletzko; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; food hypersensitivity; schoolchildren; epidemiology; food challenges; biomarkers;

    Abstract : Background: This thesis focuses on the incidence and remission of reported food hypersensitivity in schoolchildren followed from 8 to 12 -years of age and the prevalence of hypersensitivity to milk, egg, cod and wheat among 12-year olds investigated by reported data, clinical investigation and double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges and biomarkers.Methods: The studies are mainly based on a population based cohort recruited in 2006 from three municipalities in Northern Sweden. READ MORE

  4. 4. Towards Improved Diagnostics and Monitoring in Childhood Asthma : Methodological and Clinical Aspects of Exhaled NO and Forced Oscillation Technique

    Author : Charlotte Heijkenskjöld Rentzhog; Malinovschi Andrei; Lennart Nordvall; Kjell Alving; Lauri Lehtimäki; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; asthma; children; exhaled NO; forced oscillation technique; airway inflammation; small airways; asthma diagnostics; Pediatrik; Pediatrics; Lungmedicin; Lung Medicine;

    Abstract : Background: Asthma is a heterogeneous disease. Diagnosis relies on symptom evaluation and lung function tests using spirometry. Symptoms can be vague. Spirometry is effort-dependent and does not reliably evaluate small airways. READ MORE

  5. 5. Tomosynthesis in pulmonary cystic fibrosis

    Author : Kristina Vult von Steyern; Lund Diagnostisk radiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cystic fibrosis; Lung; Radiation dose; Radiography; Scoring methods; Tomography; spiral computed; X-ray computed;

    Abstract : The aims of this thesis were to investigate whether chest tomosynthesis might be used in pulmonary cystic fibrosis, to design and validate a tomosynthesis scoring system, and to determine the effective dose from chest tomosynthesis in children. In a prospective study starting in 2008 clinical chest radiography or computed tomography (CT) were supplemented with a tomosynthesis examination of the lungs. READ MORE