Search for dissertations about: "mRNA turnover"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 37 swedish dissertations containing the words mRNA turnover.

  1. 1. Studies on mRNA turnover in bacteria

    Author : Martin Persson; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Microbiology; aprE; GlpP; glpD; mRNA secondary structure; Bacillus subtilis; mRNA stability; bacteriology; virology; mycology; Mikrobiologi; bakteriologi; virologi; mykologi;

    Abstract : Genetic information, which is stored in DNA, is transferred to messenger RNA (mRNA) in a process called transcription. mRNAs are then translated by ribosomes into proteins which, with some important exceptions, catalyze chemical reactions in cells. Since cells must be able to adapt to changes in the environment, mRNAs must be unstable. READ MORE

  2. 2. Spatial control of mRNA stability in yeast

    Author : Susanne Huch; Tracy Nissan; Anders Byström; Anders Virtanen; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; mRNA stability; P bodies; mRNA turnover; gene regulation; decapping factors; molekylärbiologi; Molecular Biology;

    Abstract : The degradation of mRNA is an important modulator of gene expression and the ultimate fate of messenger mRNA. Important steps in the degradation of mRNA include initial shortening of its poly(A) tail followed by the subsequent removal of the m7G cap. These two processes are linked temporally as well as spatially. READ MORE

  3. 3. Lipoprotein lipase : mechanism for adaptation of activity to the nutritional state

    Author : Gengshu Wu; Thomas Olivecrona; Gunilla Olivecrona; Peter Nisson-Ehle; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biochemistry; adipose tissue; heparin; extracellular; nutrition; turnover; actinomycin; Biokemi; Biochemistry; Biokemi; Biochemistry; biokemi;

    Abstract : Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is an enzyme to hydrolyze triglycerides in lipoproteins and thereby make the fatty acids available for cellular metabolic reactions. Short-term fasting down-regulates LPL activity in adipose tissue. This regulation is through post-translational mechanism. READ MORE

  4. 4. Factors influencing the turnover of olfactory receptor neurons

    Author : Maja-Lena Deckner; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; immunohistochemistry; in situ hybridization; rat; olfactory bulb; olfactory epithelium; axotomy; regeneration; apoptosis; BBB; VEGF; blood vessels; trophic factor; BDNF; trkB; tenascin;

    Abstract : The olfactory system has a striking capacity for neuronal plasticity throughout life and the olfactory epithelium is able to generate both neuronal and non-neuronal cells in the normal adult animal as well as after experimental injury. In contrast to primary sensory neurons, olfactory axons are able to cross the border between the PNS and CNS in the olfactory bulb after transection in the adult animal. READ MORE

  5. 5. Studies on endoribonuclease RNase E and its role in RNA turnover

    Author : Björn Sohlberg; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Gene regulation RNA processing mRNA stability endoribonucleases RNase E AUUUA-motifs Archaea;

    Abstract : Studies on endoribonuclease RNase E and its role in RNA turnover RNA turnover is an important level of regulation of gene expression, by which a cell can rapidlyadjust to changes in its environment. The turnover of RNA is done by an efficient but not wellunderstood mechanism. READ MORE