Search for dissertations about: "medicinsk strålningsfysik"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 150 swedish dissertations containing the words medicinsk strålningsfysik.

  1. 1. Radiobiological investigations of proton and light ion therapy

    Author : Nina Tilly; Michael Scholz; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Radiobiology; Monte Carlo method; Radiotherapy; high-energy instrumentation; Protons; Light ions; RBE; LET; Radiobiological models; Radiobiologi; medicinsk strålningsfysik; Medical Radiation Physics;

    Abstract : During the last decade, the interest in proton and light ion beam therapy has increased considerably and several new centres are planned around the world. These particles have a large advantage due to their sharp physical dose distributions as compared to conventional radiotherapy beams. READ MORE

  2. 2. X-ray and neutron μCT of biomedical samples: from image acquisition to quantification

    Author : Niccoló Peruzzi; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; x-ray imaging; neutron imaging; μCT; synchrotron radiation; x-ray phase-contrast; nanoholotomography; x-ray elemental mapping; biomedical applications; virtual histology; biodegradable implants; Mg-alloys; enteric nervous system; peripheral neuropathy; gastroenteric dysmotility; Fysicumarkivet A:2021:Peruzzi;

    Abstract : Even though the validity of x-ray computed tomography in the analysis of biomedical samples is nowadays undisputed, the more recent imaging techniques and more advanced instruments (such as synchrotrons) are still relatively unknown to many medical doctors that could benefit from them.The doctoral work presented in this thesis joins a collective effort from the imaging community to demonstrate potential applications of advanced x-ray and neutron imaging methods to preclinical medical research, with the hope of contributing to reach a “critical mass” in the medical community and in the public opinion as well. READ MORE

  3. 3. New Efficient Detector for Radiation Therapy Imaging using Gas Electron Multipliers

    Author : Janina Östling; Mats Danielsson; Anders Brahme; Fabio Sauli; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Portal imaging; Gas Electron Multiplier; Gas detector; Medical engineering; Medicinsk teknik;

    Abstract : Currently film is being replaced by electronic detectors for portal imaging in radiation therapy. This development offers obvious advantages such as on-line quality assurance and digital images that can easily be accessed, processed and communicated. READ MORE

  4. 4. Improved dose response modeling for normal tissue damage and therapy optimization

    Author : Magdalena Adamus-Górka; Bengt K. Lind; Anders Brahme; Panayiotis Mavroidis; Randall K. Ten Haken; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : Normal tissue complications; radiobiological models; dose-response; volume effect; spinal cord; effective FSU size; medicinsk strålningsfysik; Medical Radiation Physics;

    Abstract : The present thesis is focused on the development and application of dose response models for radiation therapy. Radiobiological models of tissue response to radiation are an integral part of the radiotherapeutic process and a powerful tool to optimize tumor control and minimize damage to healthy tissues for use in clinical trials. READ MORE

  5. 5. Development of tissue-equivalent CVD-diamond radiation detectors with small interface effects

    Author : Bartosz Górka; Bo Nilsson; José M. Fernández-Varea; Anders Brahme; Hugo Palmans; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; CVD-diamond detector; tissue-equivalent encapsulation; dosimetry; Monte Carlo simulation; Physics; Fysik; medicinsk strålningsfysik; Medical Radiation Physics;

    Abstract : Due to its close tissue-equivalence, high radiation sensitivity, dose and dose-rate linearity, diamond is a very promising detector for radiation therapy applications. The present thesis focuses on the development of a chemical vapour deposited (CVD) diamond detector with special attention on the arrangement of the electrodes and encapsulation having minimal influence on the measured signal. READ MORE