Search for dissertations about: "methicillin"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 30 swedish dissertations containing the word methicillin.

  1. 1. Antibiotic Resistance in Wastewater Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)and antibiotic resistance genes

    University dissertation from Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Stefan Börjesson; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2009]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MRSA; SCCmec; spa typing; Staphylococcus aureus; methicillin; B-lactam; aminoglycoside; tetracycline; antibiotic; wastewater; wastewater treatment plant; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology Organism biology Microbiology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi Organismbiologi Mikrobiologi;

    Abstract : A large part of the antibiotics consumed ends up in wastewater, and in the wastewater the antibiotics may exert selective pressure for or maintain resistance among microorganisms. Antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes encoding antibiotic resistance are commonly detected in wastewater, often at higher rates and concentrations compared to surface water. READ MORE

  2. 2. Molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus epidemiological aspects of MRSA and the dissemination in the community and in hospitals

    University dissertation from Örebro : Örebro universitet

    Author : Carolina Berglund; Örebro universitet.; [2008]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA ; community-acquired MRSA CA-MRSA ; staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec SCCmec ; multilocus sequence typing MLST ; horizontal transfer; Panton Valentine leukocidin PVL ; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; Medicin; Medicine;

    Abstract : Methicillin-resistenta Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) som bär på genen mecA, har förekommit och spridit sig över hela världen, främst i sjukhusmiljö, och orsakat utbrott av vårdrelaterade (så kallade nosokomiala) infektioner. Dessa infektioner kan inte behandlas med stafylokock-penicilliner och MRSA-bakterierna är ofta resistenta även mot flera andra grupper av antibiotika vilket medför att infektionerna ofta är påtagligt svårbehandlade. READ MORE

  3. 3. Species specific susceptibility testing for ß-lactam antibiotics. With special reference to staphylococci

    University dissertation from Divison of Medical Microbiology

    Author : Ann Cathrine Petersson; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [1998]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; bakteriologi; mycology; Mikrobiologi; virology; bacteriology; beta-lactamase; staphylococcus; methicillin resistance; Microbiology; mecA susceptibility testing; virologi; mykologi;

    Abstract : The main objective of this thesis was to identify methods for the detection of ß-lactam resistance in staphylococci, bacteria often causing nosocomial infections. Detection of ß-lactam resistance in these species is difficult due to strong regulation of genes encoding for the two main resistance mechanisms, ß-lactamase production and the penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 2?. READ MORE

  4. 4. Molecular epidemiology of coagulase-negative staphylococci in hospitals and in the community

    University dissertation from Umeå : Umeå university

    Author : Micael Widerström; Umeå universitet.; Umeå universitet.; [2010]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; staphylococcus epidermidis; staphylococcus saprophyticus; electrophoresis; gel; pulsed-field; genetic diversity; methicillin-resistance; UTI; drug resistance; multiple; bacterial; epidemiology; molecular; cross infection; molecular sequence data; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Microbiology Medical microbiology; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Mikrobiologi Medicinsk mikrobiologi; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Microbiology Clinical bacteriology; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Mikrobiologi Klinisk bakteriologi; MEDICINE Microbiology; immunology; infectious diseases Infectious diseases; MEDICIN Mikrobiologi; immunologi; infektionssjukdomar Infektionssjukdomar; Clinical Bacteriology; klinisk bakteriologi; mikrobiologi; Microbiology; Infectious Diseases; infektionssjukdomar;

    Abstract : Background Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) and in particular Staphylococcus epidermidis have emerged as major pathogens primarily causing nosocomial infections in patients with indwelling medical devices. These infections are often caused by multidrug-resistant strains of S. epidermidis (MDRSE). READ MORE

  5. 5. Development of an Ultrasensitive Capacitive DNA-sensor: A promising tool towards microbial diagnostics

    University dissertation from Lund University (Media-Tryck)

    Author : Ally Mahadhy; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2015]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Capacitive DNA-sensor; Enterobacteriaceae; mecA gene; Methicillin resistance; automated sequential injection analysis; sandwichhybridization; elevated temperature; polytyramine;

    Abstract : Popular Abstract in English A handful of diseases-causing pathogenic microorganisms claim millions of lives worldwide each year, mainly due to limited diagnostic capabilities. The lack of simple, cost-effective, sensitive and rapid on-site diagnostic tools lead to delays in the diagnoses with a subsequent lag in treatment, which in turn can result in serious complications or even loss of lives. READ MORE