Search for dissertations about: "micro RNA"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 32 swedish dissertations containing the words micro RNA.

  1. 1. Dissecting the role of micro-RNAs in diabetes

    Author : Caroline Bolmeson; Create Health; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Type 1 diabetes; Type 2 diabetes; micro-RNA; Dicer; beta-cell function; insulin secretion; glucose; NOD mouse; Goto-Kakizaki rat; human islets; thymocytes; apoptosis;

    Abstract : The role of miRNAs in pancreatic islets and β-cell function and in the development of diabetes in human and rodents have been investigated in this thesis. Dicer1 was specifically deleted in vivo in pancreatic β-cells under the RIP-promoter in mice. READ MORE

  2. 2. Stromal components and micro-RNAs as biomarkers in pancreatic cancer

    Author : Oskar Franklin; Malin Sund; Daniel Öhlund; Ola Billing; Marco Del Chiaro; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pancreatic cancer; stroma; basement membrane; tumour markers; type IV collagen; endostatin; osteopontin; tenascin c; hyaluronan; CD44; micro-RNA; kirurgi; Surgery;

    Abstract : Background Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients have the poorest 5-year survival rates of all cancer forms. It is difficult to diagnose at early disease stages, tumour relapse after surgery is common, and current chemotherapies are ineffective. READ MORE

  3. 3. The multi-faceted RNA molecule : Characterization and Function in the regulation of Gene Expression

    Author : Mats Ensterö; Marie Öhman; Jørgen Kjems; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Molecular biology; Computational Biology; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; molekylärbiologi; Molecular Biology;

    Abstract : In this thesis I have studied the RNA molecule and its function and characteristics in the regulation of gene expression. I have focused on two events that are important for the regulation of the transcriptome: Translational regulation through micro RNAs; and RNA editing through adenosine deaminations. READ MORE

  4. 4. Prognostic markers and DNA methylation profiling in lymphoid malignancies

    Author : Sujata Bhoi; Richard Rosenquist Brandell; H Denis Alexander; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Lymphoid malignancies; CLL; MCL; prognostic markers; micro-RNA; methylation; stereotyped subsets;

    Abstract : In recent years, great progress has been achieved towards identifying novel biomarkers in lymphoid malignancies, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), at the genomic, transcriptomic and epigenomic level for accurate risk-stratification and prediction of treatment response. In paper I, we validated the prognostic relevance of a recently proposed RNA-based marker in CLL, UGT2B17, and analyzed its expression levels in 253 early-stage patients. READ MORE

  5. 5. Tissue Factor regulation, signaling and functions beyond coagulation with a focus on diabetes

    Author : Desireé Edén; Agneta Siegbahn; Sofia Ramström; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Tissue factor; diabetes; cell signaling; coagulation; beta cells; adipocytes; apoptosis; lipolysis; micro RNA; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Abstract : Background: Tissue factor (TF) is a 47 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein best known for initiating the coagulation cascade upon binding of its ligand FVIIa. Apart from its physiological role in coagulation, TF and TF/FVIIa signaling has proved to be involved in diseases such as diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. READ MORE