Search for dissertations about: "microbial persistence"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 18 swedish dissertations containing the words microbial persistence.

  1. 1. Francisella tularensis: persistence, dissemination and source attribution : a theoretical and computational approach

    Author : Chinmay Kumar Dwibedi; Anders Johansson; Pär Larsson; Markus Antwerpen; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Francisella; genomics; evolution; microbial forensics; dispersal; persistence; mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Abstract : The bacterium Francisella tularensis causing tularemia in humans and other mammals displays little genetic diversity among genomes across temporal and spatial scales. F. tularensis infects humans with an extremely low infectious dose and causes natural seasonal tularemia outbreaks. READ MORE

  2. 2. Evaluation of microbial health risks associated with the reuse of source-separated humna urine

    Author : Caroline Höglund; KTH; []
    Keywords : urine-separation; urine; wastewater systems; wastewater reuse; recycling; enteric pathogens; faecal sterols; indicator bacteria; hygiene risks; microbial persistence; microbial risk assessment; QMRA; fertiliser; crop;

    Abstract : Human excreta contain plant nutrients and have the potentialto be used as a fertiliser in agriculture. Urine contributesthe major proportion of the nutrients (N, P and K) in domesticwastewater whereas faeces contribute a smaller amount andinvolves greater health risks if reused due to the possiblepresence of enteric pathogens. READ MORE

  3. 3. Antibiotic Resistance and Fitness of Escherichia coli in the Infantile Commensal Microbiota

    Author : Nahid Karami; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ampicillin; tetracycline; in vivo fitness; persistence; gene transfer; intestinal; blaTEM Escherichia coli;

    Abstract : Microbial resistance to antibiotics is a growing problem worldwide. Resistance develops not only in microbes which are the targets of the antibiotic treatment, but also in those belonging to the normal microbiota of the treated host. Little is known on the ecological consequences of antibiotic resistance in commensal bacteria. READ MORE

  4. 4. Bound to the past: Historical contingency in aquatic microbial metacommunities

    Author : Máté Vass; Silke Langenheder; Steven Declerck; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; metacommunity; historical processes; priority effects; community assembly.; Biology with specialization in Limnology; Biologi med inriktning mot limnologi;

    Abstract : The composition of ecological communities differs due to a combination of different processes, which includes selection by local environmental conditions, dispersal from the regional species pool and random events. Additionally, historical processes such as past dispersal events may leave their imprint on communities as well, resulting in historically contingent communities. READ MORE

  5. 5. Perspectives on urban wastewater as a source of microbial pollution

    Author : Stina-Mina Ehn Börjesson; Ann-Sofi Rehnstam-Holm; Betty Collin; Högskolan Kristianstad; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Wastewater; Mallards; Anas platyrhynchos; E. faecium; E. faecalis; Campylobacter jejuni; Vibrio parahaemolyticus;

    Abstract : Wastewater treatment plants are important links for dissemination of intestinal bacteria into surface waters. In this study, twelve mallards were exposed to treated wastewater for a period of 55 days. Faecal samples were collected and analysed for Enterococcus spp. and C. READ MORE