Search for dissertations about: "microwave synthesis"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 75 swedish dissertations containing the words microwave synthesis.

  1. 1. Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of C2-Symmetric HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors : Development and Applications of In Situ Carbonylations and other Palladium(0)-Catalyzed Reactions

    Author : Johan Wannberg; Anders Hallberg; David C. Rees; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical chemistry; HIV; protease inhibitors; palladium; carbonylations; molybdenum hexacarbonyl; dihydropyrimidone; DHPM; microwave; cross-coupling; diazylhydrazines; carbon monoxide; synthesis; C2-symmetric; HIV-1 protease inhibitors; aminocarbonylation; fluorous; Farmaceutisk kemi; Pharmaceutical chemistry; Farmaceutisk kemi;

    Abstract : The HIV protease is an essential enzyme for HIV replication and constitutes an important target in the treatment of HIV/AIDS. Efficient combination therapies using inhibitors of the reverse transcriptase and protease enzymes have led many to reevaluate HIV infections from a terminal condition to a chronic-but-manageable disease in the developed world. READ MORE

  2. 2. Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Addition Reactions : Synthesis of Aryl Amidines and Aryl Ketones

    Author : Jonas Rydfjord; Mats Larhed; Adriaan Minnaard; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Palladium; Catalysis; Palladium II catalysis; Synthesis; Addition Reactions; Cyanamide; Amidine; Aryl Amidine; Nitrile; Ketone; Aryl Ketone; Carbopalladation; Continuous-flow; Continuous flow; Microwave heating; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Pharmaceutical Science;

    Abstract : Palladium-catalyzed reactions have become one of the most important tools in modern organic chemistry due to its ability to catalyze the formation of new carbon-carbon bonds.The aim of the work presented in this thesis was to develop new palladium(II)-catalyzed addition reactions. READ MORE

  3. 3. Tertiary Alcohol- or β-Hydroxy γ-Lactam-Based HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors : Microwave Applications in Batch and Continuous Flow Organic Synthesis

    Author : Per Öhrngren; Mats Larhed; Knud J. Jensen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; HIV; AIDS; protease inhibitor; aspartic protease; lactam; tertiary alcohol; continuous-flow; microwave; non-resonant; MAOS; Medicinal Chemistry; Läkemedelskemi;

    Abstract : Since the outbreak of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in the 1980s, the disease has cost the lives of over 30 million people, and a further 33 million are currently living with the HIV infection. With the appropriate treatment, HIV/AIDS can today be regarded as a chronic but manageable disease. READ MORE

  4. 4. Inhibitors Targeting Insulin-Regulated Aminopeptidase (IRAP) : Identification, Synthesis and Evaluation

    Author : Karin Engen; Mats Larhed; Mikael Elofsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; compound screening; insulin-regulated aminopeptidase; IRAP; inhibitors; cognitive disorders; spiro-oxindole; quinazolinone; imidazopyridine; medicinal chemistry; structure-activity relationship; microwave heating; Medicinal Chemistry; Läkemedelskemi;

    Abstract : Insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP) has emerged as a potential new therapeutic target for treatment of cognitive disorders. Inhibition of the enzymatic activity facilitates cognition in rodents. READ MORE

  5. 5. Labelling of various macromolecules using positron emitting 76Br and 68Ga : Synthesis and characterisation

    Author : Ulrika Yngve; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Chemistry; 76Br; Radiobromination; Prosthetic Groups; Macromolecules; Oligonucleotides; 68Ga; PET; Octreotide; Metal Chelates; Kemi; Chemistry; Kemi; organisk kemi; Organic Chemistry;

    Abstract : Different prosthetic groups containing a trialkylstannyl- and an electrophilic group have been synthesised and labelled with the accelerator produced 76Br (T1/2=16 h) through oxidative bromination. The labelled prosthetic groups were conjugated to amino-containing macromolecules such as proteins and 5´-modified oligonucleotides. READ MORE