Search for dissertations about: "mixed-effects models"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 43 swedish dissertations containing the words mixed-effects models.

  1. 1. Contributions to nonlinear mixed-effects modeling

    Author : Jacob Leander; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : nonlinear mixed-effects models; stochastic differential equations; parameter estimation; extended Kalman filter; sensitivity equations; stochastic differential equations;

    Abstract : The topic of this thesis is nonlinear mixed-effects models. A nonlinear mixed-effects model is a hierarchical regression model used to analyze measurements from several individuals simultaneously, which allows sharing of information between similar individuals. READ MORE

  2. 2. Practical Optimal Experimental Design in Drug Development and Drug Treatment using Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models

    Author : Joakim Nyberg; Andrew C. Hooker; Mats O. Karlsson; Sergei Leonov; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacometrics; optimal design; nonlinear mixed effects models; robust design; optimizing drug development; population models; Pharmacokinetics and Drug Therapy; Farmakokinetik och läkemedelsterapi;

    Abstract : The cost of releasing a new drug on the market has increased rapidly in the last decade. The reasons for this increase vary with the drug, but the need to make correct decisions earlier in the drug development process and to maximize the information gained throughout the process is evident. READ MORE

  3. 3. Development and Evaluation of Nonparametric Mixed Effects Models

    Author : Paul Baverel; Mats Karlsson; Radojka Savic; Nils Hoem; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; nonparametric; model; pharmacometrics; pharmacokinetics; pharmacodynamic; imprecision; covariate analysis; parameter distribution; Statistics; computer and systems science; Statistik; data- och systemvetenskap; Pharmaceutical pharmacology; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Biopharmaceutics; Biofarmaci; Clinical Pharmacology; Klinisk farmakologi; Computer Systems; Datorteknik; Farmakologi; Pharmacology; Statistics; Statistik;

    Abstract : A nonparametric population approach is now accessible to a more comprehensive network of modelers given its recent implementation into the popular NONMEM application, previously limited in scope by standard parametric approaches for the analysis of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data. The aim of this thesis was to assess the relative merits and downsides of nonparametric models in a nonlinear mixed effects framework in comparison with a set of parametric models developed in NONMEM based on real datasets and when applied to simple experimental settings, and to develop new diagnostic tools adapted to nonparametric models. READ MORE

  4. 4. Covariate Model Building in Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models

    Author : Jakob Ribbing; E. Niclas Johnsson; Mats O. Karlsson; Janet Wade; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Pharmacokinetics Pharmacotherapy; Pharmacokinetics; Pharmacodynamics; Modeling; Covariate selection; Stepwise selection; Covariate analysis; Methodology; Model validation; Model evaluation; Type-2 diabetes; Beta-cell function; Meta analysis; Cross-validation; Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator; Pharmacometrics; ED optimization; Farmakokinetik Farmakoterapi;

    Abstract : Population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) models can be fitted using nonlinear mixed effects modelling (NONMEM). This is an efficient way of learning about drugs and diseases from data collected in clinical trials. READ MORE

  5. 5. Nonlinear Mixed Effects Methods for Improved Estimation of Receptor Occupancy in PET Studies

    Author : Matts Kågedal; Mats Karlsson; Andrew C Hooker; Gitte Knudsen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; PET; positron emission tomography; receptor occupancy; nonlinear mixed effects; NONMEM; optimal design; dose finding; Pharmacokinetics and Drug Therapy; Farmakokinetik och läkemedelsterapi;

    Abstract : Receptor occupancy assessed by Positron Emission Tomography (PET) can provide important translational information to help bridge information from one drug to another or from animal to man. The aim of this thesis was to develop nonlinear mixed effects methods for estimation of the relationship between drug exposure and receptor occupancy for the two mGluR5 antagonists AZD9272 and AZD2066 and for the 5HT1B receptor antagonist AZD3783. READ MORE