Search for dissertations about: "molecular clusters"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 225 swedish dissertations containing the words molecular clusters.

  1. 1. Molecular Hole Punching : Impulse Driven Reactions in Molecules and Molecular Clusters

    Author : Michael Gatchell; Henning Zettergren; Henrik Cederquist; Henning Schmidt; Joachim Burgdörfer; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; PAHs; Fullernes; Reactions; Clusters; Interstellar Medium; Fragmentation; Non-Statistical Fragmentation; Collisions; Experiments; Molecular Dynamics; Density Functional Theory; fysik; Physics;

    Abstract : When molecules are excited by photons or energetic particles, they will cool through the emission of photons, electrons, or by fragmenting. Such processes are often thermal as they occur after the excitation energy has been redistributed across all degrees-of-freedom in the system. READ MORE

  2. 2. Free Molecular and Metal Clusters Studied by Synchrotron Radiation Based Electron Spectroscopy

    Author : Aldana Rosso; Svante Svensson; Olle Björneholm; Maxim Tchaplyguine; Gunnar Öhrwall; Uwe Hergenhahn; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; nanoparticles; free clusters; molecular clusters; metal clusters; photoelectron spectroscopy; synchrotron radiation; local structure; core level spectroscopy; auger spectroscopy; heterogeneous clusters; nucleation; bromomethane; chloromethane; benzene; bromobenzene; chlorobenzene; potassium; sodium; simple metals; Physics; Fysik;

    Abstract : The main purpose of this Thesis is the experimental characterization of the electronic and geometric structures of objects called clusters. A cluster consists of a finite group of bound atoms or molecules. Due to its finite size, it may present completely different properties than those of the isolated atom and the bulk. READ MORE

  3. 3. Functional organisation of the cell nucleus in the fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe

    Author : Jenny Alfredsson Timmins; Pernilla Bjerling; Wendy Bickmore; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; fission yeast; heterochromatin; subnuclear organisation; chromo domain proteins; boundary elements; transcriptional regulation; epigenetics; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; Cell and molecular biology; Cell- och molekylärbiologi; Genetics; Genetik; Molecular Biology; molekylärbiologi; Genetics; genetik;

    Abstract : In eukaryotes the genome adopts a non-random spatial organisation, which is important for gene regulation. However, very little is known about the driving forces behind nuclear organisation. READ MORE

  4. 4. Photoelectron Spectroscopy on Atoms, Molecules and Clusters : The Geometric and Electronic Structure Studied by Synchrotron Radiation and Lasers

    Author : Torbjörn Rander; Olle Björneholm; Gunnar Öhrwall; Maxim Tchaplyguine; Matthias Neeb; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Atomic and molecular physics; Free clusters; Electron spectroscopy; Doped clusters; Laser excitation; Alkali metals; Electronic structure; Geometric structure; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy XPS ; Resonant Auger spectroscopy RAS ; Near-threshold x-ray absorption fine structure NEXAFS ; Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy UPS ; Detuning; Ultra-fast dissociation UFD ; Sodium; Potassium; Oxygen; Bromomethane; Argon; Xenon; Krypton; Molecular field splitting; Core hole lifetime; Core excitation; Atom- och molekylfysik;

    Abstract : Atoms, molecules and clusters all constitute building blocks of macroscopic matter. Therefore, understanding the electronic and geometrical properties of such systems is the key to understanding the properties of solid state objects. READ MORE

  5. 5. Free Clusters Studied by Synchrotron-Based X-ray Spectroscopy: From Rare Gases to Metals

    Author : Sergey Peredkov; Synkrotronljusfysik; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; supraconductors; magnetic resonance; relaxation; spectroscopy; magnetic and optical properties; rare-gas clusters; Condensed matter:electronic structure; electrical; metal clusters; photoemission; synchrotron radiation; core-level spectroscopy; Auger decay; XPS; nano-particles; free clusters; egenskaper elektriska; spektroskopi; magnetisk resonans; magnetiska och optiska ; supraledare; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur;

    Abstract : The main topic of this Thesis is the x-ray spectroscopic studies of free nano-clusters with size more than 10^3 atoms. The photoelectron spectroscopy experiments on rare gas and metal clusters were performed at beamline I411 at MAX-lab National Swedish synchrotron radiation facility. Free rare-gas clusters are simplest objects in cluster research. READ MORE