Search for dissertations about: "montmorillonite"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 43 swedish dissertations containing the word montmorillonite.

  1. 1. Stability and sorption capacity of montmorillonite colloids Investigation of size fractional differences and effects of γ-irradiation

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Karin Norrfors; KTH.; [2015]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; montmorillonite; colloids; size effect; γ-irradiation; sorption; colloid stability; radionuclides; montmorillonit; kolloider; storlekseffekt; γ-bestrålning; sorption; kollodial stabilitet; radionuklider; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Abstract : Bentonite clay is intended to form one of the barriers in most repositories of spent nuclear fuel located in granite. One important function of the bentonite barrier is to retard transport of radionuclides in the event of waste canister failure. Bentonite has a high sorption capacity of cations and its main constituent is montmorillonite. READ MORE

  2. 2. Plasticized PVC Nanocomposites - The Effect of Montmorillonite Treatment and Processing Conditions on Material Properties

    University dissertation from ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Author : Henrik Petersen; [2017]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; melt processing; Montmorillonite; mechanical properties; scanning electron microscopy; X-ray diffraction; poly vinyl chloride ; organic modification; barrier properties;

    Abstract : ABSTRACTPolyvinyl chloride (PVC) is one of the world’s most widely produced polymers. Its products are used in a wide range of areas such as building and construction, packaging, automotive, electrical/electronic and healthcare. PVC can easily be tailored to adapt material properties to specific applications. READ MORE

  3. 3. Exploring Biopolymer-Clay Nanocomposite Materials by Molecular Modelling

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Yan Wang; KTH.; [2015]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; bio-nanocomposite; interfacial mechanism; binding affinity; dimensional stability; counterions; hydration; stress-strain behavior; xyloglucan; chitosan; chitin; molecular dynamics; montmorillonite.; 生物复合材料,界面机理,分子间亲和力,材料尺寸稳定性,抗衡离子,水合作用,应力应变表现, 木葡聚糖,壳聚糖,甲壳素,分子动力学模拟,蒙脱土; bio-nanokompositer; gränsytor; affinitet; dimensionsstabilitet; jonhydrering; spännings-töjningsbeteende; xyloglukan; kitosan; kitin; molekyldynamisk; montmorillonit.; Kemi; Chemistry; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science; Materials Science and Engineering; Teknisk materialvetenskap;

    Abstract : In this thesis, bio-nanocomposites made from two alternative biopolymers and montmorillonite (Mnt) clay have been investigated by molecular modelling. These biopolymers are xyloglucan (XG) and chitosan (CHS), both of which are abundant, renewable, and cost-effective. READ MORE

  4. 4. The Bentonite Barrier - Swelling Properties, Redox Chemistry and Mineral Evolution

    University dissertation from Centre for Analysis and Synthesis

    Author : Daniel Svensson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2015]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; montmorillonite; bentonite; smectite; freezing; thawing; hydration; intercalation; four-water-layer; ethylene glycol; X-ray diffraction; time-resolved; spatial-resolution; XANES; Fe; redox; iron; ABM; TBT; Äspö;

    Abstract : Bentonite is planned for use as a buffer material in high-level radioactive waste repositories, where safety assessment is performed for very long periods (100-1000 ka). This thesis focuses on the swelling of smectites in liquid water, and analysis of bentonite from field experiments at Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory, Sweden. READ MORE

  5. 5. Effects of Citric Acid on Starch-Based Barrier Coatings

    University dissertation from Karlstad : Karlstads universitet

    Author : Erik Olsson; Karlstads universitet.; [2013]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Starch; Citric acid; Cross-linking; hydrolysis; Montmorillonite; WVTR; OTR; Barrier properties; Chemical Engineering; Kemiteknik;

    Abstract : With growing environmental concerns, efforts are made to replace petroleum based products with renewable alternatives. This is particularly evident in the packaging industry, where replacing synthetic polymers with renewable materials is of considerable interest. READ MORE