Search for dissertations about: "mri systematic"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 15 swedish dissertations containing the words mri systematic.

  1. 1. Biophysical modelling in diffusion MRI: The role of tissue microstructure and water exchange

    Author : Markus Nilsson; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Diffusion; MRI; tissue microstructure; water exchange; Monte Carlo simulations; white matter;

    Abstract : Diffusion MRI is widely used to study brain structure in vivo. While this technique is often applied to investigations of brain connectivity, it can also be used to infer specific information about the tissue microstructure; for example, to estimate the axon diameter. READ MORE

  2. 2. Ions in models of articular cartilage : The importance of electrostatic interactions for transport and equilibrium distribution

    Author : Jenny Algotsson; Fysikalisk kemi; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; articular cartilage; Donnan equilibrium; diffusion; MRI; Monte Carlo simulations; dGEMRIC;

    Abstract : Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease that affects articular cartilage, which covers the surfaces of the bones in synovial joints. At later stages the disease can result in major loss of articular cartilage and thus lead to major disability. READ MORE

  3. 3. On electroconvulsive therapy in depression : Clinical, cognitive and neurobiological aspects

    Author : Pia Nordanskog; Maria Engström; Aki Johanson; Elna-Marie Larsson; Örjan Smedby; Tom Bolwig; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ECT; electroconvulsive therapy; depression; MRI; cognitive; hippocampus;

    Abstract : Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is used worldwide to treat severe mental disorders. The most common mental disorder, and the third leading cause of disease burden in the world is depression. The clinical efficacy of ECT for severe depression is well-established. READ MORE

  4. 4. Radiotherapy Gel Dosimetry: Development and Application of Normoxic Polymer Gels

    Author : Helen Gustafsson; Malmö Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Clinical physics; radiology; tomography; medical instrumentation; Klinisk fysiologi; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering; Radiofarmaceutisk teknik; Radiopharmaceutical technology; proton; LET; FT Raman spectroscopy; MRI; normoxic gel; IMRT; 3D verification; polymer gel dosimetry; radiologi;

    Abstract : In many radiotherapy applications, true three-dimensional dosimetry with good spatial resolution that can be achieved in a single measurement would be of great value. Polymer gel dosimetry fulfils many of the demands on such a system. In this study, methods to facilitate the implementation of gel dosimetry have been investigated. READ MORE

  5. 5. Integration of MRI into the radiotherapy workflow

    Author : Joakim Jonsson; Tufve Nyholm; Mikael Karlsson; Magnus Karlsson; Uulke van der Heide; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; magnetic resonance imaging; radiotherapy; treatment planning; image registration; workflow; radiofysik; radiation physics;

    Abstract : The modern day radiotherapy treatments are almost exclusively based on computed tomography (CT) images. The CT images are acquired using x-rays, and therefore reflect the radiation interaction properties of the material. READ MORE