Search for dissertations about: "myopia"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 24 swedish dissertations containing the word myopia.

  1. 1. Myopia control and peripheral vision

    Author : Petros Papadogiannis; Linda Lundström; Peter Unsbo; Nicola Logan; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; myopia; peripheral vision; psychophysics;

    Abstract : The rapid rise in myopia prevalence has caused an urgent need for effectivemyopia control interventions. This thesis investigates the role of theperipheral optics of the human eye in myopia progression. It was initiallybelieved that the axial elongation of the myopic eye is caused only by thedefocus signals presented to the central retina. READ MORE

  2. 2. Prevalence of refractive errors and incidence of myopia in Swedish schoolchildren

    Author : Pelsin Demir; António Filipe Macedo; Karthikeyan Baskaran; Niall Strang; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Refractive error; myopia; prevalence; incidence; risk factors; children; fovea; macula; autorefractor; aberrometer; synfel; refraktion; myopi; barn; prevalens; incidens; riskfaktorer; fovea; makula; autorefractor; aberrometer; Optometry; Optometri;

    Abstract : PurposeThe aim of this thesis was to investigate the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for myopia development in a cohort of Swedish schoolchildren. The specific goals were: - to recruit a cohort of children aged 8 to 16 years and to follow the cohort over a period of 24 months with regular study visits; - to investigate the predictive value of relative peripheral error and other optical parameters for the prevalence and incidence of myopia; - to determine and investigate the predictive value of genetic and environmental factors, and structural characteristics of the eye to the incidence of myopia. READ MORE

  3. 3. MANIPULATION OF OCULAR ABERRATIONS IN MYOPES

    Author : Baskar Theagarayan; Jörgen Gustafsson; Frank Schaeffel; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Myopia; Spherical aberration; Accommodation; Contact lens; Visual acuity; Peripheral aberrations; Optometry; Optometri; Optometry; Optometri;

    Abstract : Myopia is a major cause of vision loss throughout the world. High myopia is associated with severe eye diseases like maculopathy, retinal detachment and glaucoma. The prevalence of myopia is increasing, and varies by country and by ethnic group. In some Asian populations the prevalence is 70%-80%. READ MORE

  4. 4. Vision Beyond the Fovea: Evaluation and Stimuli Properties

    Author : Abinaya Priya Venkataraman; Linda Lundström; Hema Radhakrishnan; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Peripheral vision; Visual optics; Optical correction; Orientation; Stimulus extent; Moving stimulus; Contrast sensitivity; Visual acuity; Central vision loss; Myopia; Biological Physics; Biologisk fysik;

    Abstract : This research is about evaluating vision in the periphery. Peripheral vision is of fundamental importance in the performance of our everyday activities. The aim of this thesis is to develop methods suitable for the evaluation of peripheral vision and to assess how different visual functions vary across the visual field. READ MORE

  5. 5. Glaucoma Characteristics and Risk Factors - Results from Malmö Eye Survey

    Author : Kirsti Grødum; Oftalmologi (Malmö); []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; vascular disease; Ophtalmology; Oftalmologi; myopia; optic disc hemorrhages; mortality; refraction; glaucoma; population screening;

    Abstract : This thesis is based on data from a large glaucoma screening, comprising 32, 918 elderly citizens of Malmö and data from retrospective analysis of glaucoma patients’ charts from the Eye Department of Malmö University Hospital. The definition of glaucoma was based on reproducible visual field defects and/or glaucomatous optic nerve head damage in both groups. READ MORE