Search for dissertations about: "naturvårdsbiologi"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 11 swedish dissertations containing the word naturvårdsbiologi.

  1. 1. Conservation biology and genetic structure of fringe populations of the scarce heath butterfly in Sweden

    Author : Anna Cassel; Volker Loeschcke; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Genetics; fragmentation; genetic structure; mobility; inbreeding; habitat requirements; Lepidoptera; Genetik; Clinical genetics; Klinisk genetik; Conservation Biology; naturvårdsbiologi;

    Abstract : During the past century, about 82% of meadows and pastures have been lost in Sweden, with negative consequences for their flora and fauna. An example is the scarce heath butterfly, which is one of the red-listed species threatened by such habitat loss through afforestation. READ MORE

  2. 2. Population genetic analyses in the orchid genus Gymnadenia : a conservation genetic perspective

    Author : Susanne Gustafsson; Pia Mutikainen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Genetic engineering; Orchidaceae; Gymnadenia; conservation; microsatellites; genetic structure; mating pattern; Genteknik; Genetic engineering including functional genomics; Genteknik inkl. funktionsgenomik; naturvårdsbiologi; Conservation Biology;

    Abstract : Small populations are facing a particular risk of extinction due to a lack of appropriate genetic diversity and associated negative effects, factors dealt with in the discipline of conservation genetics. Many orchid species exhibit characteristics that make them a perfect study object in the scope of conservation genetics. READ MORE

  3. 3. Effects of Social Organisation on Spatial Genetic Structures in Formica Ants

    Author : Niclas Gyllenstrand; Michael Bruford; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Biology; Formica ants; microsatellites; monogyny; mtDNA; polygyny; social insects; Biologi; Biology; Biologi; naturvårdsbiologi; Conservation Biology;

    Abstract : The social organization of social insect colonies can be broadly defined as monogynous, single reproductive female or polygynous, several reproductive females. Monogynous organization is genetically simple while polygynous is more complex and the two social forms differ commonly in mating and dispersal behaviour as well as in colony foundation. READ MORE

  4. 4. Evolutionary history and chloroplast DNA variation in three plant genera: Betula, Corylus and Salix. : The impact of post-glacial colonisation and hybridisation

    Author : Anna Palmé; Andrew Lowe; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Biology; chloroplast DNA; phylogeography; hybridization; phylogeny; Salix caprea; Betula pendula; Corylus avellana; Biologi; Biology; Biologi; naturvårdsbiologi; Conservation Biology;

    Abstract : The great difference in the level of chloroplast variation and its geographic structure among the three main species studied here demonstrates that forest species do not form a homogeneous group. Hazel shows a genetic structure similar to many other thermophilous species and this structure, in combination with fossil evidence, indicates that the post-glacial colonisation of most of Europe originated in a refugium in western France while the Balkan and Italy were colonised from a south-eastern refugium. READ MORE

  5. 5. Genetic Disequilibria and the Interpretation of Population Genetic Structure in Daphnia

    Author : Lars M. Berg; Xavier Vekemans; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Developmental biology; breeding system; linkage disequilibrium; dispersal; genetic structure; Daphnia pulex; Utvecklingsbiologi; Developmental biology; Utvecklingsbiologi; naturvårdsbiologi; Conservation Biology;

    Abstract : Understanding the processes that shape the spatial distribution of genetic variation within species is central to the evolutionary study of diversification and demography. Neutral genetic variation reflects past demographic events as well as current demographic characteristics of populations, and the correct interpretation of genetic data requires that the relative impact of these forces can be identified. READ MORE