Search for dissertations about: "nitric oxide inhalation"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 26 swedish dissertations containing the words nitric oxide inhalation.

  1. 1. Nitric oxide in experimental sepsis

    Author : Peter Dahm; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; intensive care; Nitric oxide; Sepsis; NO inhalation; Endotoxin; Acute lung injury; ARDS; Nitric oxide synthase; L-NMMA; L-NAME; Anestesiologi; Anaesthesiology; Pigs; intensivvård;

    Abstract : Nitric oxide (NO) is important in the control of blood pressure and organ perfusion. In septic shock, NO produced by inducible NO-synthase (NOS) has been claimed to mediate pathological vasodilation and cell injury, while NO produced by constitutive NOS may be protective in counteracting hypoperfusion and organ injury. READ MORE

  2. 2. Inhaled Nitric Oxide Therapy : Non-response and Rebound Response

    Author : Luni Chen; Eddie Weitzberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anaesthesiology and intensive care; nitric oxide inhalation; rebound response; non-response; endothelin-1; COX inhibitor; prostaglandin; ARDS; endotoxin; oleic acid; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthetics and intensive care; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Clinical Physiology; klinisk fysiologi;

    Abstract : Therapeutic inhaled nitric oxide (INO) has proved beneficial in patients with pulmonary hypertension. However, around 30-40% of the patients are non-responders to this therapy, and a life-threatening rebound response may occur during attempts to withdraw INO. READ MORE

  3. 3. Endothelial function during ischemia-reperfusion and effects of inhalation of nitric oxide

    Author : Lars Lindberg; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; chemiluminescence; capnography; monitoring; inhalation; mechanical ventilation; pulmonary hypertension; nitric oxide; EDRF; endothelium-derived relaxation factor; endothelium; organ preservation; Lung; lung transplantation; electrochemical fuel cell; Anaesthesiology; intensive care; Anestesiologi; intensivvård;

    Abstract : The vascular endothelium is an important regulatory organ in circulatory physiology and plays a central role in the response to acute inflammation and ischemia/reperfusion. Activation and dysfunction of the pulmonary vascular endothelium are closely related to clinical findings of pulmonary dysfunction. READ MORE

  4. 4. Endogenous Nitric Oxide Production and Pulmonary Blood Flow : during different experimental lung conditions

    Author : Manja Nilsson; Filip Fredén; Kristina Hambraeus-Jonzon; Göran Hedenstierna; Eddie Weitzberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Nitric oxide; pulmonary blood flow; endotoxin; nitric oxide inhalation; endothelin; hypercapnia; acidosis; lavage-induced lung injury; Anaesthetics and intensive care; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care;

    Abstract : Nitric oxide (NO) is an important regulator of pulmonary blood flow and attenuates hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). Nitric oxide is synthesized enzymatically in a number of tissues, including the lungs, and can also be generated from reduction of nitrite during hypoxia and acidosis. READ MORE

  5. 5. Synchronized delivery of inspired nitric oxide : Effects on oxygenation and pulmonary tension during artificial ventilation

    Author : Erkki Heinonen; Tim Higenbottam; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cell biology; nitric oxide; pulsed administration; pulmonary hypertension; oxygenation; equine; Cellbiologi; Cell biology; Cellbiologi; Physiology; fysiologi;

    Abstract : Nitric oxide (NO) is a mediator of vascular smooth muscle tension that metabolises rapidly in blood. NO delivered by inhalation can therefore be used as a selective pulmonary vasodilator to relieve pulmonary hypertension or to improve oxygenation with no systemic effects. READ MORE