Search for dissertations about: "non-linear mixed effects models"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 15 swedish dissertations containing the words non-linear mixed effects models.

  1. 1. Benefits of Non-Linear Mixed Effect Modeling and Optimal Design : Pre-Clinical and Clinical Study Applications

    Author : Charles Ernest II; Andrew Hooker; Mats Karlsson; Bart Ploeger; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacometrics; optimal design; nonlinear mixed effects models; population models; Pharmaceutical Science; Farmaceutisk vetenskap;

    Abstract : Despite the growing promise of pharmaceutical research, inferior experimentation or interpretation of data can inhibit breakthrough molecules from finding their way out of research institutions and reaching patients. This thesis provides evidence that better characterization of pre-clinical and clinical data can be accomplished using non-linear mixed effect modeling (NLMEM) and more effective experiments can be conducted using optimal design (OD). READ MORE

  2. 2. Pharmacometric Investigations of Prediction Precision and Advances of Models for Composite Scale Data

    Author : Gustaf Wellhagen; Maria C. Kjellsson; Bengt Hamrén; Per Olsson Gisleskog; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; pharmacometrics; modelling; non-linear mixed effects modelling; composite scale data; total score data; total score analysis; precision prediction; bounded integer; bounded integer model; IRT-informed total score analysis; item response theory-informed; mixed models for repeated measures; MMRM; dose-response; dose-response mixed models for repeated measures; DR-MMRM; HbA1c models; fit-for-purpose analysis; clinical trial analysis; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Pharmaceutical Science;

    Abstract : Clinical trials are needed to evaluate new treatments. In late-stage clinical trials, failures are mostly due to lack of efficacy. Fit-for-purpose analysis methods will likely increase the success rates and advance drug development by providing higher precision to support decisions such as go/no-go, dose selection, or sample size. READ MORE

  3. 3. Improved Material Models for High Strength Steel

    Author : Rikard Larsson; Larsgunnar Nilsson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : Plastic anisotropy; non-linear strain paths; mixed isotropic-kinematic hardening; isotropic-distortional hardening; dynamic strain ageing; static strain ageing; marten- sitic transformation;

    Abstract : The mechanical behaviour of the three advanced high strength steel grades, Docol 600DP, Docol 1200M and HyTens 1000, has been experimentally investigated under various types of deformation, and material models have been developed, which account for the experimentally observed behaviour.Two extensive experimental programmes have been conducted in this work. READ MORE

  4. 4. Semi-mechanistic models of glucose homeostasis and disease progression in type 2 diabetes

    Author : Steve Choy; Maria Kjellsson; Mats Karlsson; Willem de Winter; Andrea Mari; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; pharmacokinetics; pharmacodynamics; pharmacometrics; glucose homeostasis; insulin; type 2 diabetes; obesity; weight; visceral adipose tissue; HbA1c; non-linear mixed effects; modelling; disease progression; ZDSD rats; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Pharmaceutical Science;

    Abstract : Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by consistently high blood glucose, resulting from a combination of insulin resistance and reduced capacity of β-cells to secret insulin. While the exact causes of T2DM is yet unknown, obesity is known to be a major risk factor as well as co-morbidity for T2DM. READ MORE

  5. 5. Nonlinear Mixed Effects Methods for Improved Estimation of Receptor Occupancy in PET Studies

    Author : Matts Kågedal; Mats Karlsson; Andrew C Hooker; Gitte Knudsen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; PET; positron emission tomography; receptor occupancy; nonlinear mixed effects; NONMEM; optimal design; dose finding; Pharmacokinetics and Drug Therapy; Farmakokinetik och läkemedelsterapi;

    Abstract : Receptor occupancy assessed by Positron Emission Tomography (PET) can provide important translational information to help bridge information from one drug to another or from animal to man. The aim of this thesis was to develop nonlinear mixed effects methods for estimation of the relationship between drug exposure and receptor occupancy for the two mGluR5 antagonists AZD9272 and AZD2066 and for the 5HT1B receptor antagonist AZD3783. READ MORE