Search for dissertations about: "nosocomial"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 54 swedish dissertations containing the word nosocomial.

  1. 1. Norovirus Tracing in Environmental and Outbreak Settings - Experiences of waterborne, foodborne and nosocomial transmission

    Author : Nancy P Nenonen; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2015]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Norovirus; tracing; environment; foodborne; outbreak; waterborne; nosocomial; mussels; GI.1; oysters; GII.4; dust; surfaces; air; molecular epidemiology;

    Abstract : Noroviruses (NoV), a major cause of acute gastroenteritis in hospital settings, also occur as sporadic infections or periodic non-seasonal community outbreaks. Human NoV replicates to high concentration in the intestinal tract, is readily transmitted by the faecal-oral route, hand-to-hand contact, contaminated food and water, and by aerosols. READ MORE

  2. 2. Microbiological Surveillance in Primary Health Care New Aspects of Antimicrobial Resistance and Molecular Epidemiology in an Ageing Population

    University dissertation from Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Author : Magnus Olofsson; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Colonization; Nosocomial; Bacteria;

    Abstract : BackgroundThe inexorable rise in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) interferes with the goals of health care services around the world, given how critical the antibacterials are in making infections treatable and surgical procedures doable. Nursing homes residents have been identified as a reservoir for AMR, possibly due to the combination of being physically and mentally frail, frequently treated with antibacterials, and frequently moved between nursing home and hospital. READ MORE

  3. 3. Aspects of neonatal septicaemia prevention and complications

    University dissertation from Örebro : Örebro University

    Author : Louise Björkman Hjalmarsson; Örebro universitet.; [2018]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neonatal sepsis; prevention; coagulase-negative staphylococci; nosocomial; hygiene; neonatal morbidity; alcohol toxicity;

    Abstract : Study I was part of the Extremely Preterm Infants in Sweden Study (EXPRESS), a prospective national study including all infants born <27 weeks in Sweden in 2004-2007 that survived their first year of life (n=497). Neonatal sepsis was evaluated as a risk factor for neonatal morbidities. READ MORE

  4. 4. GB virus C/hepatitis G virus infection: clinical, histological and epidemiological aspects

    University dissertation from Department of Infectious Diseases, Lund University

    Author : Per Björkman; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2001]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; endoscopy; nosocomial; sexual transmission; parenteral transmission; blood donor; ALT; liver disease; hepatitis; GBV-C HGV; HCV; Infections; Infektioner;

    Abstract : GBV-C/HGV is a blood-borne virus related to the hepatitis C virus. We studied GBV-C/HGV infection in different populations, its transmission, and its association with liver disease. GBV-C/HGV viraemia was detected by PCR in 19/576 blood donors. Donors with normal and elevated ALT levels had similar rates of viraemia (1. READ MORE

  5. 5. Immunocompromised Patients. Infections, Diagnostics and Nosocomial Transmission

    University dissertation from Lund University: Faculty of Medicine

    Author : Anna Stjärne Asplund; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2018]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Abstract : The aim of the work presented in this thesis was to improve the management of infections in immunocompromised patients by studying aspects of diagnostics, epidemiology and nosocomial transmission. Infection and rejection are common complications in lung-transplant patients, and early diagnosis and treatment are important for a positive outcome. READ MORE