Search for dissertations about: "nutrition disorder"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 11 swedish dissertations containing the words nutrition disorder.

  1. 1. Nutritional status, body composition and physical activity among older people living in residential care facilities

    Author : Maine Carlsson; Yngve Gustafson; Frode Slinde; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Nutritional status; constipation; BW loss; UTI; body composition; exercise; muscle mass; functional balance; Nutrition; Näringslära; näringslära; Nutrition;

    Abstract : The main purpose of this thesis was to study, whether drinkable yoghurt enriched with probiotic bacteria could have any effect on constipation and body weight (BW) among older people with dementia. Further, it concerns poor nutritional status among older people with physical and cognitive impairments and its relationship with factors commonly occur in older people living in residential care facilities. READ MORE

  2. 2. Physical exercise for older people : focusing on people living in residential care facilities and people with dementia

    Author : Håkan Littbrand; Erik Rosendahl; Yngve Gustafson; Kerstin Frändin; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; aged; dementia; exercise; frail elderly; nutrition; randomized controlled trial; residential facilities; Physiotherapy; Sjukgymnastik fysioterapi; sjukgymnastik; Physiotherapy;

    Abstract : The main purposes of this thesis were to evaluate a high-intensity functional weight-bearing exercise pro­gramme, regarding its applicability (attendance, achieved intensity, adverse events) as well as its effect on physical functions and activities of daily living (ADL) among older people living in residential care facilities, with a special focus on people with dementia. Furthermore, a main purpose was to systematically review the applicability and effects of physical exercise on physical functions, cognitive functions, and ADL among people with dementia. READ MORE

  3. 3. Swallowing dysfunction among older people in short-term care : prevalence, effect of intervention, and risk of mortality

    Author : Patricia Hägglund; Eva Levring Jäghagen; Per Wester; Mary Hägg; Karin Brunnegård; Per Östberg; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : swallowing disorder; dysphagia; elderly care; intermediate care; undernutrition; oral health; treatment; rehabilitation; quality of life; mortality risk; survival;

    Abstract : Objectives: Swallowing dysfunction (dysphagia) is a common, but often neglected condition among geriatric patients that can cause severe complications such as malnutrition, aspiration pneumonia and death. The aims of this thesis were to (i) describe the study design and method of the multidisciplinary and multicenter project SOFIA (Swallowing function, Oral health, and Food Intake in old Age), (ii) study the prevalence of and the relationship between swallowing dysfunction and risk of undernutrition among older individuals in short-term care, (iii) study the effect of oral neuromuscular training on swallowing dysfunction among older individuals, and (iv) to investigate the association between poor oral health, swallowing dysfunction and mortality. READ MORE

  4. 4. Gastrointestinal disturbances in hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis

    Author : Jonas Wixner; Ole B Suhr; Intissar Anan; Pontus Karling; Anders Rönnblom; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Autonomic Nervous Systems; Cajal Interstitial Cells; Enteric Nervous System; Familial Amyloid Polyneuropathy; Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders; Gastric Emptying; Liver Transplantation; Nutrition Status; Transthyretin Amyloidosis; medicin; Medicine;

    Abstract : BackgroundTransthyretin amyloid (ATTR) amyloidosis is a systemic disorder caused by amyloid deposits formed by misfolded transthyretin (TTR) monomers. Two main forms exist – wild-type and hereditary ATTR amyloidosis, the latter associated with TTR gene mutations. READ MORE

  5. 5. Improving vitamin A nutrition in low-income countries. In vitro bioaccessibility of provitamin A carotenoids in biofortified orange-fleshed sweet potato

    Author : Anton Bengtsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : bioaccessibility; β-carotene; biofortification; provitamin A carotenoids; coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy; vitamin A deficiency; food processing; orange-fleshed sweet potato; in vitro digestion; Caco-2 cells;

    Abstract : Vitamin A deficiency is a major nutritional disorder in a large number of low-income countries that is caused by an inadequate intake of preformed vitamin A and provitamin A carotenoids in the diet. The objective of the present thesis was to evaluate orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) as a biofortified food source of provitamin A carotenoids with a potential to be included in a diet for alleviating vitamin A deficiency. READ MORE