Search for dissertations about: "optical gas sensing"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 42 swedish dissertations containing the words optical gas sensing.

  1. 1. Mid-infrared photonic devices for on-chip optical gas sensing

    University dissertation from KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Floria Ottonello Briano; KTH.; [2019]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; mid-infrared; mid-IR; photonics; silicon photonics; gas sensing; optical sensing; optical gas sensing; spectroscopy; absorption; dispersion; carbon dioxide; CO2; CO2 sensing; trace gas; ethanol sensing; alcohol sensing; waveguide; photonic waveguide; ring resonator; nanowire; nanoheater; emitter; thermal source; bolometer; microbolometer; thermal detector; high frequency; 3 omega method; plasmonic; platinum; Kanthal; silicon-on-insulator; micro-electro-mechanical systems MEMS ; microfabrication; microsystems; microtechnology; nanotechnology; Optics and Photonics; Optik och fotonik; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Abstract : Gas detection is crucial in a wide range of fields and applications, such as safety and process control in the industry, atmospheric sciences, and breath diagnostics. Optical gas sensing offers some key advantages, compared to other sensing methods such as electrochemical and semiconductor sensing: high specificity, fast response, and minimal drift. READ MORE

  2. 2. Optical remote sensing of industrial gas emission fluxes

    University dissertation from KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : John Johansson; [2013]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; optical remote sensing; DOAS; gas emission; absorption spectroscopy; VOC; flux measurement; solar occultation; FTIR; formaldehyde;

    Abstract : Mobile optical remote sensing techniques offer promising possibilities to quantify and geographically attribute local industrial gaseous emissions to the atmosphere. Studies have repeatedly shown that such emissions are often poorly understood, underestimated, and thereby not properly accounted for in emission inventories and regional atmospheric chemistry models, especially for emissions of VOCs. READ MORE

  3. 3. Cavity enhanced optical sensing

    University dissertation from Umeå : Umeå universitet

    Author : Isak Silander; Umeå universitet.; [2015]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Optical resonators; Fiber Laser; Parametric oscillators; Optical frequency comb; Infrared; Spectroscopy heterodyne; Spectroscopy molecular; Absorption; Dispersion; Lineshapes; Optical standards and testing; Refractivety measurements;

    Abstract : An optical cavity comprises a set of mirrors between which light can be reflected a number of times. The selectivity and stability of optical cavities make them extremely useful as frequency references or discri­mi­nators. READ MORE

  4. 4. Optical remote sensing of industrial gas emission fluxes

    University dissertation from Umeå : Umeå universitet

    Author : John Johansson; [2016]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; DOAS; formaldehyde; optical remote sensing; gas emission; absorption spectroscopy; solar occultation; VOC; flux measurement; FTIR;

    Abstract : Mobile optical remote sensing techniques offer promising possibilities to quantify and geographically attribute local industrial gaseous emissions to the atmosphere. Studies have shown that such emissions are often poorly understood, underestimated, and thereby not properly accounted for in emission inventories and regional atmospheric chemistry models, especially for emissions of VOCs. READ MORE

  5. 5. Integration of graphene into MEMS and NEMS for sensing applications

    University dissertation from KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Author : Xuge Fan; KTH.; [2018]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Micro-electromechanical systems MEMS ; Nano-electromechanical systems NEMS ; heterogeneous 3D integration; Graphene; single-layer graphene; double-layer graphene; bilayer graphene; chemical vapor deposition CVD ; suspended graphene beams; suspended graphene membranes; doubly clamped; fully clamped; silicon on insulator SOI ; vapor hydrofluoric acid VHF ; Young’s modulus; built-in stress; built-in tension; piezoresistivity; gauge factor; accelerometer; resonators; electromechanical sensing; advanced transducers; humidity; gas sensing; sensitivity; CO2 sensing; graphene grain boundary; line defects; optical microscopy; wire bonding; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Abstract : This thesis presents a novel approach to integrate chemical vapor deposition (CVD) graphene into silicon micro- and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) to fabricate different graphene based MEMS/NEMS structures and explore mechanical properties of graphene as well as their applications such as acceleration sensing, humidity sensing and CO2 sensing. The thesis also presents a novel method of characterization of CVD graphene grain boundary based defects. READ MORE