Search for dissertations about: "osmotic coefficient"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 11 swedish dissertations containing the words osmotic coefficient.

  1. 1. Thermodynamic modelling of black liquor-related solutions. Pitzer method for estimating activities, solubilities and boiling point rise

    Author : Marta Anna Bialik; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : activity coefficient; black liquor; boiling point rise elevation ; osmotic coefficient; solubility; Pitzer method; sodium sulphate dicarbonate; burkeite;

    Abstract : Black liquor is considered as being one of the most important process streams as far as the design and optimization of kraft pulp mills are concerned. Many methods have been developed in order to describe and, possibly, predict its physico-chemical properties. Most of them are, however, empirical methods that are difficult to generalize. READ MORE

  2. 2. Thermodynamic Modelling of Electrolyte Solutions with Application to the Pulp and Paper Industry

    Author : Anders Jaretun; Institutionen för kemiteknik; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Potassium; Chloride; Chemical recovery; Leaching; Crystallization; Kraft pulping; Non-process elements; Solubility; Local composition; Excess properties; Osmotic coefficient; Electrolytes; Activity coefficient; Wood; pulp and paper technology; Pappers- och massateknik;

    Abstract : A thermodynamic model for electrolyte solutions has been derived for binary and multicomponent solutions up to very high molalities. The model was extensively tested on 163 binary aqueous electrolyte systems up to very high molalities, and the results show that the model represents mean ionic activity coefficients and osmotic coefficients very accurately. READ MORE

  3. 3. Extraction of Metal Values : Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions and Molten Salts Extraction Process

    Author : Xinlei Ge; Seshadri Seetharaman; Katsunori Yamaguchi; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Electrolyte solutions; activity coefficient; osmotic coefficient; freezing point depression; boiling point elevation; Materials science; Teknisk materialvetenskap;

    Abstract : Over the past centuries, a number of process routes for extraction of metal values from an ore or other resources have been developed. These can generally be classifiedinto pyrometallurgical, hydrometallurgical or electrometallurgical routes. READ MORE

  4. 4. Transvascular exchange and organ perfusion with reference to colloid and hypertonic solutions, and to endotoxaemia

    Author : Staffan Holbeck; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; sepsis; mannitol; microdialysis; intestine; hypertonic saline; gut; hydroxyethyl starch; gelatin; endotoxin; fluid therapy; dextran; albumin; capillary filtration coefficient; intensivvård; Anestesiologi; urea; Anaesthesiology; intensive care; SIRS; reflection coefficient;

    Abstract : Changes in vascular permeability can immensely change plasma volume and affect the degree of oedema in the body. In diseases with an increased vascular permeability, adequate fluid therapy is of considerable importance to prevent hypovolaemia. READ MORE

  5. 5. Characterization of the Mechanisms of Drug Release from Polymer-Coated Formulations using Experiments and Modelling

    Author : Mariagrazia Marucci; Institutionen för kemiteknik; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ethyl cellulose; Release mechanism; coating; polymer blend; modelling; ESPI; diffusion; osmotic pumping; SEM; single pellet; CLSM; hydroxypropyl cellulose; multiple-unit release;

    Abstract : The main objectives of the work presented in this thesis were to develop new experimental methods to improve the understanding of the release mechanism from a coated formulation and to develop new mechanistic models to describe the release process for pellets coated with a semi-permeable film. Another aim was to characterize the release mechanism from a formulation coated with films made of a blend of a water-insoluble polymer, ethyl cellulose (EC), and a water-soluble polymer, hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC). READ MORE