Search for dissertations about: "outbreak detection"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 35 swedish dissertations containing the words outbreak detection.

  1. 1. Detection and Characterisation of Salmonella in Animal Feed Samples by PCR-Based Methods

    Author : Charlotta Löfström; Teknisk mikrobiologi; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Food and drink technology; Livsmedelsteknik; Biotechnology; Bioteknik; Biokemisk teknik; Biochemical technology; Analytisk kemi; Analytical chemistry; mykologi; virologi; bakteriologi; Mikrobiologi; validation; Microbiology; bacteriology; virology; mycology; Salmonella; ribotyping; detection; animal feed; randomly amplified polymorphic DNA; pulsed-field gel electrophorsis; pre-PCR processing; PCR; polymerase chain reaction; genotyping;

    Abstract : Animal feed is a recognised source of Salmonella enterica for farm livestock and may also indirectly cause infection in people consuming foods of animal origin. It is therefore important to have rapid, reproducible and specific methods for the detection of Salmonella in feed, and for the characterisation of strains for further epidemiological investigations or to trace the source of contamination in a production facility. READ MORE

  2. 2. Norovirus Tracing in Environmental and Outbreak Settings - Experiences of waterborne, foodborne and nosocomial transmission

    Author : Nancy P Nenonen; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Norovirus; tracing; environment; foodborne; outbreak; waterborne; nosocomial; mussels; GI.1; oysters; GII.4; dust; surfaces; air; molecular epidemiology;

    Abstract : Noroviruses (NoV), a major cause of acute gastroenteritis in hospital settings, also occur as sporadic infections or periodic non-seasonal community outbreaks. Human NoV replicates to high concentration in the intestinal tract, is readily transmitted by the faecal-oral route, hand-to-hand contact, contaminated food and water, and by aerosols. READ MORE

  3. 3. Univariate and Multivariate Surveillance of Outbreaks

    Author : Linus Schiöler; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; change-points; expected delay; exponential family; false alarms; generalised likelihood; inference principles; influenza; MEWMA; monitoring; multivariate; ordered regression; performance metrics; outbreak; predictive value; subjective judgment; spatial; statistical models; surveillance; tularemia;

    Abstract : In many areas there is a need to monitor observations in order to detect changes in the underlying processes as quickly as possible. The theory of statistical surveillance provides the possibility of making optimal decisions about whether a change has occurred or not based on the data available at the time of the decision. READ MORE

  4. 4. The Informed Gaze : On the Implications of ICT-Based Surveillance

    Author : Baki Cakici; Magnus Boman; Nina Wormbs; Markus Bylund; Harald Rohracher; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; ICT; discourse; surveillance; design; sustainability; outbreak detection; Computer and Systems Sciences; data- och systemvetenskap;

    Abstract : Information and communication technologies are not value-neutral. I examine two domains, public health surveillance and sustainability, in five papers covering: (i) the design and development of a software package for computer-assisted outbreak detection; (ii) a workflow for using simulation models to provide policy advice and a list of challenges for its practice; (iii) an analysis of design documents from three smart home projects presenting intersecting visions of sustainability; (iv) an analysis of EU-financed projects dealing with sustainability and ICT; (v) an analysis of the consequences of design choices when creating surveillance technologies. READ MORE

  5. 5. Disease surveillance systems

    Author : Baki Cakici; Magnus Boman; Stefan Johansson; KTH; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; disease surveillance; syndromic surveillance; outbreak detection; health informatics; computer science; Health and medical services in society; Hälso- och sjukvård i samhället; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi; Computer and systems science; Data- och systemvetenskap;

    Abstract : Recent advances in information and communication technologies have made the development and operation of complex disease surveillance systems technically feasible, and many systems have been proposed to interpret diverse data sources for health-related signals. Implementing these systems for daily use and efficiently interpreting their output, however, remains a technical challenge. READ MORE