Search for dissertations about: "palmitate"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 41 swedish dissertations containing the word palmitate.

  1. 1. Palmitate-induced Apoptosis in Insulin-producing β-cells

    Author : Kristofer Thörn; Peter Bergsten; Claes Wollheim; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ER stress; apoptosis; palmitate; sphingosine-1-phosphate; ceramide; beta-cell; fatty acid; Medical cell biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Type 2 diabetes is a disease characterized by the inability of pancreatic β-cells to secrete sufficient amounts of insulin to maintain normoglycemia. Increased levels of saturated fatty acids such as palmitate are believed to contribute to β-cell failure and the development of the disease. READ MORE

  2. 2. Childhood Obesity and Islet Function

    Author : Johan Staaf; Peter Bergsten; Anders Forslund; Hindrik Mulder; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : type 2 diabetes mellitus; Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Childhood Obesity; palmitate; glucose-stimulated insulin secretion; hyperinsulinemia; hyperglucagonemia; GLP-1; glicentin; magnetic resonance imaging; metabolic syndrome; oral glucose tolerance test; centroid; Pediatrik; Pediatrics;

    Abstract : The prevalence of childhood obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has increased during recent decades. T2DM is accompanied with functional changes in the islets of Langerhans, which can be identified early in the pathogenesis. READ MORE

  3. 3. Effects of Free Fatty Acids on Insulin and Glucagon Secretion : – with special emphasis on the role of Free fatty acid receptor 1

    Author : Hjalti Kristinsson; Peter Professor; Birgitte Holst; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; FFAR1; GPR40; palmitate; lipotoxicity; islets of Langerhans; type 2 diabetes; obesity; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is still rising and even so in the juvenile population. Obesity is highly associated with increased risk for developing T2DM. READ MORE

  4. 4. Free fatty acids and insulin hypersecretion studied in human islets

    Author : Jing Cen; Peter Bergsten; Miriam Cnop; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; free fatty acids; palmitate; human islets; EndoC-βH1 cells; metformin; sorcin; insulin secretion; mitochondrial respiration; ER stress; human transcriptome array; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Free fatty acid (FFA) levels are increased in many obese subjects. High FFA levels stimulate the pancreatic beta-cells but have negative long-term effects. In obese children with high FFA levels circulating insulin concentration is high early in life but decline with age precipitating the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). READ MORE

  5. 5. On the Generation of cAMP Oscillations and Regulation of the Ca2+ Store-operated Pathway in Pancreatic Islet α- and β-cells

    Author : Geng Tian; Erik Gylfe; Anders Tengholm; Patrick Gilon; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cAMP; oscillations; adrenaline; GLP-1; phosphodiesterase; palmitate; STIM1; Orai1; store-operated calcium entry; insulin secretion; glucagon secretion; β-cell; α-cell; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Insulin and glucagon are released in pulses from pancreatic β- and α-cells, respectively. Both cell types are electrically excitable, and elevation of the cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) due to depolarization with voltage-dependent entry of the cation is the main trigger of hormone secretion. READ MORE