Search for dissertations about: "palmitate"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 38 swedish dissertations containing the word palmitate.

  1. 1. Palmitate-induced Apoptosis in Insulin-producing β-cells

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Kristofer Thörn; Uppsala universitet.; [2010]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ER stress; apoptosis; palmitate; sphingosine-1-phosphate; ceramide; beta-cell; fatty acid; MEDICINE Morphology; cell biology; pathology Cell biology Medical cell biology; MEDICIN Morfologi; cellbiologi; patologi Cellbiologi Medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Type 2 diabetes is a disease characterized by the inability of pancreatic β-cells to secrete sufficient amounts of insulin to maintain normoglycemia. Increased levels of saturated fatty acids such as palmitate are believed to contribute to β-cell failure and the development of the disease. READ MORE

  2. 2. Childhood Obesity and Islet Function

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Johan Staaf; Uppsala universitet.; Uppsala universitet.; [2017]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; type 2 diabetes mellitus; Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Childhood Obesity; palmitate; glucose-stimulated insulin secretion; hyperinsulinemia; hyperglucagonemia; GLP-1; glicentin; magnetic resonance imaging; metabolic syndrome; oral glucose tolerance test; centroid; Pediatrik; Pediatrics;

    Abstract : The prevalence of childhood obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has increased during recent decades. T2DM is accompanied with functional changes in the islets of Langerhans, which can be identified early in the pathogenesis. READ MORE

  3. 3. Effects of Free Fatty Acids on Insulin and Glucagon Secretion – with special emphasis on the role of Free fatty acid receptor 1

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Hjalti Kristinsson; Uppsala universitet.; [2017]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; FFAR1; GPR40; palmitate; lipotoxicity; islets of Langerhans; type 2 diabetes; obesity; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is still rising and even so in the juvenile population. Obesity is highly associated with increased risk for developing T2DM. READ MORE

  4. 4. Free fatty acids and insulin hypersecretion studied in human islets

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Jing Cen; Uppsala universitet.; [2018]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; free fatty acids; palmitate; human islets; EndoC-βH1 cells; metformin; sorcin; insulin secretion; mitochondrial respiration; ER stress; human transcriptome array; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Free fatty acid (FFA) levels are increased in many obese subjects. High FFA levels stimulate the pancreatic beta-cells but have negative long-term effects. In obese children with high FFA levels circulating insulin concentration is high early in life but decline with age precipitating the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). READ MORE

  5. 5. On the Generation of cAMP Oscillations and Regulation of the Ca2+ Store-operated Pathway in Pancreatic Islet α- and β-cells

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Geng Tian; Uppsala universitet.; [2013]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cAMP; oscillations; adrenaline; GLP-1; phosphodiesterase; palmitate; STIM1; Orai1; store-operated calcium entry; insulin secretion; glucagon secretion; β-cell; α-cell; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Abstract : Insulin and glucagon are released in pulses from pancreatic β- and α-cells, respectively. Both cell types are electrically excitable, and elevation of the cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) due to depolarization with voltage-dependent entry of the cation is the main trigger of hormone secretion. READ MORE