Search for dissertations about: "papermaking"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 66 swedish dissertations containing the word papermaking.

  1. 1. Vacuum Dewatering of Cellulosic Materials : New insights into transport phenomena in the papermaking process

    Author : Björn Sjöstrand; Lars Nilsson; Christphe Barbier; Henrik Ullsten; Martin Hubbe; Karlstads universitet; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Vacuum dewatering; numerical model; water removal; air penetration; papermaking; microfibrillated cellulose; dialcohol cellulose; strength additives; retention aids; drainage; water retention value; Chemical Engineering; Kemiteknik;

    Abstract : Working towards sustainable development within the forest industry, the dewatering of pulp and paper must be fully understood along with the dewatering of other cellulose-based materials. Huge amounts of energy are used during paper manufacturing so there is a potential for making the processes more energy-efficient. READ MORE

  2. 2. Simulations of the Dynamics of Fibre Suspension Flows

    Author : Stefan B Lindström; Tetsu Uesaka; Myat Htun; Fritz Bark; Mittuniversitetet; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; fibre; fibre suspension; simulation; paper; papermaking; forming; fibre orientation distribution; fibre flexibility; viscosity; first normal stress difference; fluid flow; simple shear flow; two-way coupling; three-dimensional; Chemical engineering; Kemiteknik; Engineering physics; Teknisk fysik;

    Abstract : A new model for simulating non-Brownian flexible fibres suspended in a Newtonian fluid has been developed. Special attention has been given to include realistic flow conditions found in the industrial papermaking process in the key features of the model; it is the intention of the author to employ the model in simulations of the forming section of the paper machine in future studies. READ MORE

  3. 3. Near wall fibre orientation in flowing suspensions

    Author : Allan Carlsson; Daniel Söderberg; Fredrik Lundell; Helge I. Andersson; KTH; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; fluid mechanics; fibre orientation; shear flow; wall effect; fibre suspension; papermaking; Fluid mechanics; Strömningsmekanik;

    Abstract : This thesis deals with fibre orientation in wall-bounded shear flows. The primary application in mind is papermaking. The study is mainly experimental,but is complemented with theoretical considerations.The main part of the thesis concerns the orientation of slowly settlingfibres in a wall-bounded viscous shear flow. READ MORE

  4. 4. Orientation of fibres in suspensions flowing over a solid surface

    Author : Allan Carlsson; Daniel Söderberg; Fredrik Lundell; Staffan Toll; KTH; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; fluid mechanics; fibre orientation; shear flow; fibre suspension; papermaking; Fluid mechanics; Strömningsmekanik;

    Abstract : The orientation of fibres suspended in a viscous fluid, flowing over a solid surface, has been studied experimentally. A shear layer was generated, by letting the suspension flow down an inclined plate. READ MORE

  5. 5. Microfibrillated cellulose: Energy-efficient preparation techniques and applications in paper

    Author : Mikael Ankerfors; Lars Wågberg; Akira Isogai; KTH; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Microfibrillated cellulose; microfibrillar cellulose; nanofibrillated cellulose; nanofibrillar cellulose; cellulose nanofibrils; nanocellulose; MFC; NFC; CNF; production techniques; energy efficient; gel properties; films; enzymes; carboxymethylation; carboxymethyl cellulose; CMC; mechanical properties; oxygen barrier; homogenization; linting; papermaking; Fiber- och polymervetenskap; Fibre and Polymer Science;

    Abstract : This work describes three alternative processes for producing microfibrillated cellulose (MFC; also referred to as cellulose nanofibrils, CNF) in which bleached pulp fibres are first pretreated and then homogenized using a high-pressure homogenizer. In one process, fibre cell wall delamination was facilitated by a combined enzymatic and mechanical pretreatment. READ MORE