Search for dissertations about: "peritonitis"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 27 swedish dissertations containing the word peritonitis.

  1. 1. Inflammatory Reactions in Peritonitis and Malignant Obstructive Jaundice : Clinical and Experimental Studies with Special Emphasis on the Cellular Immune Response

    Author : Johanna Österberg; Ulf Haglund; Mikael Ljungdahl; Roland Andersson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; CLP; sepsis; peritonitis; bacterial translocation; malignant obstructive jaundice; Linomide; COX inhibitor; SC-236; indometacin; T lymphocyte; macrophage; mucosa; MLN; gut immune cell distribution; mucosal injury; cytokines; TNF-α; IL-6; IL-10; endotoxin; caspase-3; apoptosis; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : Patients with peritonitis or malignant obstructive jaundice (HPB+) have an increased morbidity and mortality due to sepsis. An altered cell-mediated immunity in the intestinal mucosa might promote gut barrier failure, increased endotoxin and cytokine release and bacterial translocation (BT) in these conditions. READ MORE

  2. 2. Adjuvant therapies to fluid resuscitation in experimental sepsis : Intervention studies in models of ARDS and peritonitis

    Author : Annelie Barrueta Tenhunen; Gaetano Perchiazzi; Johanna Hästbacka; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Acute respiratory distress syndrome; edema formation; peritonitis; sepsis; fluid resuscitation; animal model; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care;

    Abstract : Fluid resuscitation is essential to antagonize the deleterious effects of tissue hypo-perfusion in sepsis. If not thoroughly monitored and individually tailored, fluid therapy increases the risk of volume overload. Volume overload is associated with higher mortality in sepsis. READ MORE

  3. 3. The small intestine in experimental peritonitis : An experimental study focusing om intestinal energy metabolism, bacterial translocation and mucosal immunology

    Author : Mikael Ljungdahl; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; Bacterial translocation; endotoxin; faecal peritonitis; high-energy phosphates; hypoxia; intramucosal pH; IL-6; ischaemia; lactate; lymphocytes; mucosal injury; oxygen delivery; pigs; sepsis; tonometry; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi; Surgery; kirurgi;

    Abstract : The gut is highly susceptible to injury during sepsis. An impaired mucosal barrier permitstranslocation of enteric microorganisms to blood or other organs. In a porcine model sepsiswas induced by faecal peritonitis. READ MORE

  4. 4. Biological effects of glucose degradation products in peritoneal dialysis fluids

    Author : Peter Jonasson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : Peritoneal dialysis; glucose degradation products; peritonitis; peritoneum; neutrophils; macrophages; vital microscopy; microcirculation; complement; leukocyte recruitment; respiratory burst.;

    Abstract : Background: It is well known that Peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluids have biological effects on a number of cells and tissues in the peritoneum and the peritoneal cavity. However, little attention has been paid to the influence of glucose degradation products (GDPs), formed during heat-sterilization and storage of PD fluids. READ MORE

  5. 5. Effect of quinoline-3-carboxamides on myeloid cells in inflammation and cancer

    Author : Adnan Deronic; Immunologi; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quinoline-3-carboxamide; myeloid cell; inflammation; cancer; peritonitis; mammary carcinoma; fibrosis;

    Abstract : The quinoline-3-carboxamides (Q compounds) are a family of small molecules that ameliorate various types of murine inflammatory autoimmune disease. One such compound has also demonstrated anti-tumor effects in murine tumor models. READ MORE