Search for dissertations about: "plasmas"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 205 swedish dissertations containing the word plasmas.

  1. 1. Waves in space plasmas : Lower hybrid cavities and simple-pole distribution functions

    Author : Anders Tjulin; Mats André; Hans Pécseli; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Space and plasma physics; space physics; plasma; waves; dispersion relations; lower hybrid cavities; Cluster; magnetosphere; Rymd- och plasmafysik; Space physics; Rymdfysik;

    Abstract : Waves are a fundamental feature in many parts of physics, since they transport energy without transporting matter. This is the case also in space physics. Waves are responsible for energy transport both between different parts of space and between different particles in the space plasma. READ MORE

  2. 2. QED and collective effects in vacuum and plasmas

    Author : Joakim Lundin; Mattias Marklund; Thomas Heinzl; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; QED; quantum electrodynamics; quantum plasmas; quantum vacuum; Plasma physics; Plasmafysik; fysik; Physics;

    Abstract : The theory of quantum electrodynamics (QED) was born out of an attempt to merge Einsteins theory of special relativity and quantum mechanics. Einsteins energy/mass equivalence together with Heisenberg's uncertainty principle allows for particle pairs to be spontaneously created and annihilated in vacuum. READ MORE

  3. 3. Thermonuclear instabilities and fast particle transport in fusion plasmas

    Author : Tünde Fülöp; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : tokamaks; alpha particles; electron beam transport; Toroidal Alfvén Eigenmodes; thermonuclear instabilities; fusion plasmas; Ion Cyclotron Emission;

    Abstract : .... READ MORE

  4. 4. The Klimontovich description of complex plasma systems : Low frequency electrostatic modes, spectral densities of fluctuations and collision integrals

    Author : Panagiotis Tolias; Lars Blomberg; Carmine Castaldo; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; complex plasmas; dusty plasmas; Klimontovich equations; kinetic theory; dust acoustic waves; collision integrals;

    Abstract : Plasmas seeded with solid particulates of nanometer to micron sizes (complex plasma systems) are a ubiquitous feature of intergalactic, interstellar and planetary environments but also of plasma processing applications or even fusion devices. Their novel aspects compared with ideal multi-component plasmas stem from (i) the large number of elementary charges residing on the grain surface, (ii) the variability of the charge over mass ratio of the dust component, (iii) the inherent openness and dissipative nature of such systems. READ MORE

  5. 5. Magnetic Reconnection in Space Plasmas : Cluster Spacecraft Observations

    Author : Alessandro Retinò; Mats André; Andris Vaivads; Bengt U. Ö. Sonnerup; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : Space and plasma physics; space physics; plasma astrophysics; plasma physics; transport processes; boundary layers; magnetic reconnection; turbulence; particle acceleration; solar system; magnetospheres; Rymd- och plasmafysik;

    Abstract : Magnetic reconnection is a universal process occurring at boundaries between magnetized plasmas, where changes in the topology of the magnetic field lead to the transport of charged particles across the boundaries and to the conversion of electromagnetic energy into kinetic and thermal energy of the particles. Reconnection occurs in laboratory plasmas, in solar system plasmas and it is considered to play a key role in many other space environments such as magnetized stars and accretion disks around stars and planets under formation. READ MORE