Search for dissertations about: "polydispersity effects"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 8 swedish dissertations containing the words polydispersity effects.

  1. 1. Swelling and Mechanical Properties of Polymer Gels: Salt, Macroion and Network Topology Effects

    Author : Samuel Edgecombe; Fysikalisk kemi; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; volume decrease upon uniaxial extension; interpenetrating networks; loose-end effects; polydispersity effects; macroion deswelling; salt deswelling; polymer gels; polyelectrolyte gels; Physical chemistry; Fysikalisk kemi;

    Abstract : The work in this thesis concerns polymer gels, especially their swelling and mechanical properties modelled using a coarse-grained model of polyelectrolytes. The method used to study polymer gels was molecular simulation utilising the simulation package MOLSIM. READ MORE

  2. 2. Polymer effects on microemulsions and lamellar phases

    Author : Håkan Bagger-Jörgensen; Fysikalisk kemi; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Poisson-Boltzmann equation; hard sphere; osmometry; small angle scattering; phase behaviour; hydrophobically modified polyelectrolyte; hydrophobically modified polymer; nonionic surfactant; microemulsion; lamellar phase; undulation force; Physical chemistry; Fysikalisk kemi;

    Abstract : The main part of this thesis deals with the effects of adsorbing and non-adsorbing polymers when mixed with microemulsion droplets and bilayers in a lamellar phase. The phase behaviour, microstructure and interactions in a nonionic surfactant/ water/ oil-system, comprising penta ethylene oxide dodecyl ether (C12E5) and decane, was investigated. READ MORE

  3. 3. Effect of hydration on thermodynamic, rheological and structural properties of mucin

    Author : Yana Znamenskaya; Malmö högskola; []
    Keywords : mucous gel; mucus; mucin; PGM; BSM; BSM chitosan multilayers; hydration; water sorption isotherm; relative humidity; water activity; bound water; enthalpy of hydration of biopolymer; glass transition; rheology; phase diagram; fiber-like structure; dumbbell-like structure; sorption calorimetry; DSC; QCM-D; SAXS; AFM;

    Abstract : Mucus, an adherent hydrated layer covering the epithelium, is found in all internal tracts of the body and plays an important role in animal and human life. One of the essential functions of mucus is protection of tissues against dehydration. READ MORE

  4. 4. Environmentally Friendly Plasticizers for PVC : Improved Material Properties and Long-term Performance Through Plasticizer Design

    Author : Annika Lindström; Minna Hakkaraninen; Anders Södergård; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; poly butylene adipate ; poly vinyl chloride ; plasticizers; miscibility; mechanical properties; surface segregation; migration; degradation products; Polymer chemistry; Polymerkemi;

    Abstract : Linear and branched poly(butylene adipate) polyesters with number-average molecular weights ranging from 700 to 10 000 g/mol, and degrees of branching ranging from very low to hyperbranched were solution cast with PVC to study the effects of chemical structure, molecular weight, end-group functionality, and chain architecture on plasticizing efficiency and durability. Miscibility was evaluated by the existence of a single glass transition temperature and a shift of the carbonyl group absorption band. READ MORE

  5. 5. Suspensions of finite-size rigid particles in laminar and turbulent flows

    Author : Walter Fornari; Luca Brandt; Jérémie Bec; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Suspensions; complex fluids; sedimentation; rheology; turbulence;

    Abstract : Dispersed multiphase flows occur in many biological, engineering and geophysical applications. Understanding the behavior of suspensions is a difficult task. In the present work, we numerically study the behavior of suspensions of finite-size rigid particles in different flows. READ MORE