Search for dissertations about: "positron beam"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 17 swedish dissertations containing the words positron beam.

  1. 1. Investigation of Nuclear Materials with Positron Measurements

    Author : Petty Bernitt Cartemo; [2011]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; depth profiling; positron beam; nuclear materials; radiation damage; positron lifetime measurements;

    Abstract : Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy can be used to characterize radia- tion-induced material defects to subsequently optimize nuclear materials with respect to radiation damage. Nuclear Systems of the future such as Generation IV and fusion concepts demand high performance from structural materials, comprising a material's stability in highly-radiative and hot environments. READ MORE

  2. 2. Beam Diagnostics and Dynamics in Nonlinear Fields

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Jim Ögren; Uppsala universitet.; [2017]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Beam diagnostics; Nonlinear beam dynamics; Accelerator physics;

    Abstract : Particle accelerators are indispensable tools for probing matter at the smallest scales and the improvements of such tools depend on the progress and understanding of accelerator physics. The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is a proposed, linear electron–­positron collider on the TeV-scale, based at CERN. READ MORE

  3. 3. Novel computational methods for image analysis and quantification using position sensitive radiation detectors

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Medicinsk strålningsfysik (tills m KI)

    Author : Alejandro Sanchez Crespo; Stockholms universitet.; [2005]
    Keywords : LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; SPET; PET; CMOS; spatial resolution; photon depth of interaction; positron annihilation; positron range; non-collinearity; scatter; attenuation; lung ventilation; lung perfusion; breast tumour; VETERINARY MEDICINE Medicine; VETERINÄRMEDICIN Medicin;

    Abstract : The major advantage of position sensitive radiation detector systems lies in their ability to non invasively map the regional distribution of the emitted radiation in real-time. Three of such detector systems were studied in this thesis, gamma-cameras, positron cameras and CMOS image sensors. READ MORE

  4. 4. Radiation Detection Techniques for the Enhancement of Nuclear Safety

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Medicinsk strålningsfysik (tills m KI)

    Author : Petty Bernitt Cartemo; [2015]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; whole body counting; depth profiling; voxel phantom; nuclear safeguards; Monte Carlo; orphan sources; radiation-induced material damage; pulsed beam; positron lifetime;

    Abstract : The hazard originating from the use of nuclear materials in various areas of the society necessitates a number of experimental techniques for controlling and increasing the safety connected to radioactive substances.The following thesis is divided into two parts, representing different aspects to the detection of radiation effects. READ MORE

  5. 5. Emittance and Energy Diagnostics for Electron Beams with Large Momentum Spread

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Maja Olvegård; Uppsala universitet.; [2013]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; beam instrumentation; particle beam diagnostic; emittance; particle collider; particle accelerator; High Energy Physics; Högenergifysik;

    Abstract : Following the discovery of the Higgs-like boson at the Large Hadron Collider, there is demand for precision measurements on recent findings. The Compact Linear Collider, CLIC, is a candidate for a future linear electron-positron collider for such precision measurements. READ MORE