Search for dissertations about: "postprandial"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 74 swedish dissertations containing the word postprandial.

  1. 1. Spices in the postprandial metabolic regulation of healthy humans : An integrated physiological and omics approach

    Author : Yoghatama Cindya Zanzer; Institutionen för livsmedelsteknik; []
    Keywords : Spices; Postprandial; Glycemia; Lipemia; Appetite regulation; Metabolic endotoxemia; Bile acids; Transcriptomics; Nutrigenomics;

    Abstract : Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a consequence of obesity and defined as cluster of at least three out of five criteria covering insulin resistance/glucose intolerance, abdominal obesity, hypertension, low HDL-c and elevated TG levels. Imbalance between energy intake and expenditure is known to alter normal physiological function in many aspects, and leads to obesity, which in the long run may turn into type 2 diabetes (T2D) and ultimately cardiovascular disease (CVD). READ MORE

  2. 2. Early perturbations in lipid metabolism in insulin resistance

    Author : Else Hellebö Johanson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : insulin resistance; nateglinide; peak VO2; postprandial; relatives; triglyceride-rich lipoproteins; visceral fat; VLDL;

    Abstract : Subjects with the Metabolic Syndrome with or without type 2 diabetes are at excess risk for developing cardiovascular disease. The mechanisms are still not completely understood. Resistance to insulin-stimulated glucose uptake is associated with several metabolic and hemostatic risk factors for cardiovascular disease. READ MORE

  3. 3. Multi-platform metabolomics assays to study the responsiveness of the human plasma and lung lavage metabolome

    Author : Masoumeh Karimpour; Malin Nording L.; Magnus Åberg; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; LC MS; GC MS; NMR; metabolomics; metabolite; exposure; postprandial; plasma; lung lavage; BW; BW; data analysis; univariate analysis; multivariate analysis;

    Abstract : Metabolomics as a field has been used to track changes and perturbations in the human body by investigating metabolite profiles indicating the change of metabolite levels over time and in response to different challenges. In this thesis work, the main focus was on applying multiplatform-metabolomics to study the human metabolome following exposure to perturbations, such as diet (in the form of a challenge meal) and exhaust emissions (air pollution exposure in a controlled setting). READ MORE

  4. 4. Nutritional metabolomics: The search for dietary exposure variables

    Author : Millie Rådjursöga; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; metabolomics; nutrition; NMR; serum; urine; postprandial; dietary intake;

    Abstract : To establish associations and causation between diet and health, objective and reliable methods are needed to measure dietary exposure. Metabolomics provide an unbiased tool for exploring the modulation of the human metabolome in response to food intake. READ MORE

  5. 5. Metabolic and Endocrine Responses to Nocturnal Eating

    Author : Ulf Holmbäck; Linda Morgan; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Nutrition; postprandial; substrate utilization; circadian; hormones; mood; Näringslära; Nutrition; Näringslära; Nutrition; näringslära;

    Abstract : An increasing amount of people have their work hours displaced to the night and there are indications that shift work and other irregular working schedules are associated with an increased risk of developing the metabolic syndrome and other pathological conditions. It is therefore important to address the consequences of eating at irregular hours, especially nighttime. READ MORE