Search for dissertations about: "pre-crash scenarios"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 11 swedish dissertations containing the words pre-crash scenarios.

  1. 1. DREAM: A Method for Understanding the Causation of Single-Vehicle Crashes

    Author : Jesper Sandin; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; driver error; accident model; contributory factors; causation; single-vehicle crashes; case study; pre-crash; accident analysis;

    Abstract : When conducting in-depth causation studies, it is essential that the analysis method can both define and classify contributing factors and be able to analyse how these factors may interact to produce a critical event. These issues are highly influenced by the underlying theory, e.g. the accident model. READ MORE

  2. 2. Developing Theoretical and Empirical Definitions of Safety Problems in Driving Suitable for Active Safety Function Evaluation

    Author : Mikael Ljung Aust; [2009]
    Keywords : SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; avoidance; driver behaviour; pre-crash scenarios; crash causation; adaptation; motivation; conceptual framework; active safety functions;

    Abstract : In passive safety, the requirement specifications used for evaluation of protective functions are both standardised and specified at a high level of detail regarding evaluation scenario definition, performance metrics and pass/fail criteria. For active safety, while several propositions for evaluation scenarios have been made, neither these, nor performance metrics and pass/fail criteria have yet reached a similar level of detail and standardisation. READ MORE

  3. 3. Muscle Responses of Car Occupants: Numerical Modeling and Volunteer Experiments under Pre-Crash Braking Conditions

    Author : Jonas Östh; [2014]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; feedback postural control; autonomous braking; electromyography; active muscle; anticipatory postural control; seat belt pre-tension; driver braking; human body model; finite element; occupant kinematics;

    Abstract : Over 30 000 fatalities related to the road transport system are reported anually in Europe. Of these fatalities, the largest share is car occupants, even though significant improvements in vehicle safety have been achieved by the implementation of in-crash restraints and pre-crash driver support systems. READ MORE

  4. 4. Volunteer Kinematics and Muscle Activity in Dynamic Events Representative of Pre-crash Scenarios, Evaluation Data for Human Body Models

    University dissertation from ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Author : Ghazaleh Ghaffari; [2018]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; EMG; volunteer; evasive manoeuvres; human body model; validation data; occupant kinematics; pre‐pretensioner belt; lane change; boundary conditions;

    Abstract : Advanced integrated safety technologies in modern cars such as collision avoidance intervention and pre-crash activated restraint systems involve comprehensive research on how vehicle occupants respond to these systems in pre-crash situations. Human Body Models (HBMs) are mathematical tools developed to predict human responses and injury outcomes in different pre-crash and in-crash situations. READ MORE

  5. 5. Muscle Responses in Dynamic Events. Volunteer experiments and numerical modelling for the advancement of human body models for vehicle safety assessment

    University dissertation from ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Author : Jóna Marin Olafsdottir; [2017]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; pre-crash dynamics; spatial tuning patterns; occupant kinematics; electromyography.; Traffic safety; muscle activity; human body models;

    Abstract : Fatalities and injuries to car occupants in motor vehicle crashes continue to be aserious global socio-economic issue. Advanced safety systems that provide improvedoccupant protection and crash mitigation have the potential to reduce this burden. READ MORE