Search for dissertations about: "predator experience"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 10 swedish dissertations containing the words predator experience.

  1. 1. Predator-prey interactions in freshwater systems: The importance of chemical communication

    Author : Kajsa Åbjörnsson; Enhet akvatisk ekologi; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; marine biology; aquatic ecology; limnology; Marinbiologi; limnologi; akvatisk ekologi; Ecology; Ekologi; Hydrobiology; trophic cascades; non-lethal effects; benefits; costs; heredity; predator experience; alarmsubstances; dietary cues; amphibian larvae; invertebrates; visibility; fish; behaviour; Predator-prey; chemical cues;

    Abstract : Predator released chemical cues provide a valuable source of information to prey organisms that can be used to alter their behaviour in order to reduce predation risk. In this thesis, I have examined under what circumstances chemical cues may be used by prey, and if prey discriminate between different cues. READ MORE

  2. 2. Evolution of Mimicry and Aposematism Explained: Salient Traits and Predator Psychology

    Author : Baharan Kazemi; Olof Leimar; Gabriella Gamberale-Stille; Mike Speed; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; imperfect mimicry; mimicry evolution; predator learning; discrimination; generalization; salience; overshadowing; aposematism; warning signal evolution; generalization bias; peak shift; etologi; Ethology;

    Abstract : Aposematic species have evolved conspicuous warning signals, such as bright colors and striking patterns, to deter predators. Some edible and harmless species take advantage of this deterrent effect by mimicking their appearance. Mimicry is a great example of how natural selection produces remarkable adaptations. READ MORE

  3. 3. Why and how brain size evolves : Sociality, predation and allometry

    Author : Wouter van der Bijl; Niclas Kolm; Joah Madden; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; brain size; brain size evolution; encephalization; predation; predator inspection; sociality; animal contest; constraint; etologi; Ethology;

    Abstract : The evolution of the vertebrate brain has remained a topic of intense interest from biologists over many decades. Evolutionary biologists have seen it as an intriguing example of how the size and structure of a trait evolves across large phylogenies and under body size constraints, with both large shifts in deep evolutionary time and continuous smaller scale adaptation. READ MORE

  4. 4. Behaviour under predation risk - antipredator strategies, behavioural syndromes and sex-specific responses in aquatic prey

    Author : Sanna Harris; Biodiversitet; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; phenotypic integration; Poecilia reticulata; Asellus aquaticus; behavioural syndromes; chemical cues; predation; antipredator behaviour;

    Abstract : In many natural ecosystems, predation is well recognized as a strong evolutionary force, and predator-mediated selection has been demonstrated to induce changes in prey morphology, life history and behaviour. In my thesis, I have focused on behavioural responses in aquatic prey under the risk of predation. READ MORE

  5. 5. Phenotypic plasticity and the evolution of an inducible morphological defence in crucian carp

    Author : Lars Pettersson; Biodiversitet; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Animal ecology; Benefits; Costs; Predation; Chemical cues; Fish; Djurekologi;

    Abstract : In this thesis, I have investigated factors (cues, benefits, and costs) affecting the evolution of an inducible morphological defence in crucian carp (Carassius carassius). Inducible defences are favoured over permanent defences when prey have reliable cues to detect predators, when defences are effective but costly, and when predation pressure is variable and unpredictable, but sometimes strong. READ MORE