Search for dissertations about: "pulmonary emphysema"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 24 swedish dissertations containing the words pulmonary emphysema.

  1. 1. Lung Emphysema & Cardiac Function

    Author : Kirsten Jörgensen; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : emphysema; hemodynamics; ventricular end-diastolic volumes; lung volume reduction; ventricular function; transoesophageal echocardiography; magnetic resonance imaging; diastole; simendan; hypertrophy;

    Abstract : Patients with severe lung emphysema have poor quality of life because of impaired lung function and reduced exercise tolerance. Concomitant heart disease in severe emphysema is well recognised. The prevailing view is that mainly the right side of the heart is involved, while the issue of left ventricular (LV) involvement is less studied. READ MORE

  2. 2. Quantification of pulmonary scintigraphy

    Author : Jiahua Xu; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Emphysema; Inhomogeneity; Perfusion; scintigraphy; SPECT; 99mTc-Technegas; Ventilation; V Q;

    Abstract : Modern nuclear medicine techniques, such as SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography), enable quantification and localisation of lung function in small lung elements, but appropriate methods are not yet available. The aim of the present project was therefore to develop and evaluate methods for mapping lung function in planar scintigrams and in SPECT. READ MORE

  3. 3. Airway mechanics of mice and men

    Author : Lennart Lundblad; Malmö Klinisk fysiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Fysiologi; radiologi; tomografi; tomography; medical instrumentation; Clinical physics; Medicin människa och djur ; Medicine human and vertebrates ; Penh; emphysema; airway resistance; gas conditioning; plethysmography; lung mechanics; Boyle s law; Physiology; medicinsk instrumentering; Klinisk fysiologi; radiology; enhanced pause; pulmonary fibrosis; micro computed tomography; forced oscillation technique; COPD;

    Abstract : In this thesis we explore and further develop several techniques used in the animal laboratory as well as in the clinical setting. In particular, we expand the understanding and usefulness of plethysmographic techniques in small rodents. READ MORE

  4. 4. Hyperpolarized 3He-diffusion MRI in evaluation of lung structure in emphysema. Validation and development of the method

    Author : Sandra Diaz; Malmö Diagnostisk radiologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Helium; Hyperpolarized; MRI; ADC; Emphysema;

    Abstract : Abstract COPD is a major cause of chronic morbidity and mortality throughout the world. It is a preventable and treatable disease. Smoking is the most commonly encountered risk factor for COPD and the habit now unfortunately starts at earlier ages than before. READ MORE

  5. 5. High resolution computed tomography in smoking induced disease

    Author : Jenny Vikgren; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : Smoking induced disease; emphysema; bronchiolitis; HRCT; lung function;

    Abstract : Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), usually caused by smoking, is common. It has high morbidity and mortality, and the prevalence is expected to increase. In Sweden about 500 000 individuals are affected, and COPD is the third most common cause of death among men. COPD is due to various combinations of small airway disease and emphysema. READ MORE