Search for dissertations about: "pyrimidine"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 44 swedish dissertations containing the word pyrimidine.

  1. 1. Physicochemical and Structural Aspects of Nucleic Acids

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Subhrangsu Chatterjee; Uppsala universitet.; [2007]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Organic chemistry; pKa; Hydrogen bonding; Stacking; NMR; MD; DNA; RNA; Pyrimidine; Organisk kemi;

    Abstract : This thesis consists of seven research publications concerning (i) pKa studies of nucleobases in model nucleotides to understand why RNA duplexes are more stable than DNA duplexes (Paper I), (ii) the role of Me(T)-π interactions in the relative stability of DNA-RNA heteroduplexes (Paper II), (iii) pKa measurements in nucleotides with different 2′-substituents (paper III), (iv) a conformation study of constrained sugars and a pKa study of 1-thyminyl to reveal effect of sugar constraints on the pKa of the nucleobase (paper IV), (v) NMR and MD studies of 1′, 2′-oxetane constrained thymidine incorporated Dickerson Drew dodecamer (paper V), (vi) the sequence dependent pKa perturbation of 9-guaninyl moeity in single stranded (ss) DNA and RNA (paper VI), (vii) the non identical chemical nature of internucleotidic phosphates in (ss) RNA using 31P NMR (paper VI), and an alkaline hydrolysis study of phosphodiesters in ssRNAs (paper VII). The architecture of DNA and RNA molecules is determined by (a) hydrogen bonding (b) base stacking (c) a variety of additional non-covalent interactions. READ MORE

  2. 2. Multiconfigurational perturbation theory

    University dissertation from Lund

    Author : Kerstin Andersson; Karlstads universitet.; Karlstads universitet.; [1992]
    Keywords : Electron correlation; CASSCF; multiconfigurational second-order perturbation theory; CASPT2; ozone; C; N; O; F; Si; P; S; Cl; Ni; benzene; pyridine; pyrazine; pyrimidine; pyridazine; s-triazine; electric properties; excited states; spectroscopic data;

    Abstract : The aim of the thesis is to analyze a method which describes the electron correlation in atoms and molecules. The method is based on Rayleigh-Schrödinger perturbation theory with a partitioning of the Hamiltonian into a fairly simple zeroth-order operator and a perturbation operator. READ MORE

  3. 3. Vascular Effects of P2 Receptors. Changes in Congestive Heart Failure

    University dissertation from Malin Malmsjö, Experimental Vascular Research, Wallenberg Neuroscience center 3rd floor, Sölveg. 17, 22184 Lund

    Author : Malin Malmsjö; [2001]
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; congestive heart failure; pyrimidine; purine; P2 receptor; vasodilatation; vasoconstriction; hyperpolarisation; EDHF; NO; Vascular; endothelium; Cardiovascular system; Kardiovaskulära systemet;

    Abstract : Extracellular nucleotides induce dilatation and constriction of blood vessels by activation of P2 receptors. In this thesis the vasomotor effects of P2 receptor activation were studied in the rat mesenteric artery, and their changes in congestive heart failure (CHF) were evaluated using in vitro pharmacology, electrophysiology and competitive RT-PCR. READ MORE

  4. 4. Structure Function Relationships in Pyrimidine Degrading and Biocatalytic Enzymes, and Their Implications for Cancer Therapy and Green Chemistry

    University dissertation from Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Author : Dirk Maurer; Uppsala universitet.; [2018]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; β-Ureidopropionase; Dihydropyrimidine Dehydrogenase; Alcohol Dehydrogenase; Pyrimidine catabolism; 5-Fluorouracil; CASTing; X-ray Crystallography;

    Abstract : This thesis includes the work of two separate projects, studies on pyrimidine degrading enzymes and studies on in vitro evolved enzymes. The common denominator of both projects was the use of structural information to explain functional effects, observed in the studied biocatalysts. READ MORE

  5. 5. Catabolism of Pyrimidines in Yeast

    University dissertation from Department of Biology, Lund University

    Author : Anna Rasmussen; [2014]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Pyrimidine degradation; catabolism of pyrimidines; nucleic acid precursors; yeast; Lachancea kluyveri; URC pathway;

    Abstract : Pyrimidines are important precursors for nucleic acids, and constantly synthesized and degraded in the cell to maintain a balanced supply. Many microoganisms can also extract the nitrogens from the pyrimidine ring, and use them as a nitrogen source when “preferred” sources are absent. READ MORE