Search for dissertations about: "quality-adjusted life years"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 35 swedish dissertations containing the words quality-adjusted life years.

  1. 1. Health economic aspects of diabetic retinopathy

    Author : Emelie Heintz; Lars-Åke Levin; Ann-Britt Wiréhn; Josephine Mauskopf; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; diabetes; diabetic retinopathy; health economic evaluations; quality-adjusted life years; costs; quality of life; prevalence;

    Abstract : To ensure that the resources of the health care sector are used effectively, new technologies need to be evaluated before implementation to examine if they generate health outcomes at an acceptable cost. This information can be collected by performing health economic evaluations in which the costs and health outcomes of different technologies are compared. READ MORE

  2. 2. Epidemiology of heart failure and feasibility of home care in patients with worsening chronic heart failure

    Author : Masoud Shafazand; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : Chronic heart failure; mortality; deterioration; hospitalisation; gender; home care; quality-adjusted life years; emergency care; health care costs; ischaemic; non-ischaemic; health-related quality of life; conventional care; acute myocardial infarction; coronary heart disease; heart failure;

    Abstract : Aim: To investigate gender-specific trends in long-term mortality in patients hospitalised for ischaemic and non-ischaemic heart failure (HF) and explore temporal trends in the risk of HF complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Another aim is to characterise patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) that seek an emergency department (ED) because of their deteriorating condition and evaluate the feasibility of home care (HC) in comparison with conventional care (CC) in patients with worsening CHF. READ MORE

  3. 3. Pancreatic Cancer. Experimental and Clinical Studies

    Author : David Ljungman; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pancreatic neoplasms; Proteasome inhibitors; Apoptosis; Intracellular signaling peptides and proteins; Epidermal growth factor receptor; Pancreaticoduodenectomy; Cost and cost analysis; Quality-adjusted life years; Copy number variations; Comparative genomic hybridization;

    Abstract : Background: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal of known cancers and the only treatment with possibility of cure is surgery. The costs associated with treatment of pancreatic cancer are reputably high, both in terms of morbidity and financially. READ MORE

  4. 4. Physical activity on prescription in primary care. Impact on physical activity level, metabolic health and health-related quality of life, and its cost-effectiveness - a short- and long-term perspective

    Author : Stefan Lundqvist; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Primary health care; Physical activity; Physical activity on prescription; Metabolic syndrome; Health related quality of life; Quality of life; Health behavior; Life style; Correlates of physical activity; Predictive factor; Health economics; Cost-effectiveness; Cost-Benefit Analysis;

    Abstract : Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death globally and one of the major health challenges of the 21st century. In Sweden, NCDs are estimated to account for 90 % of all deaths. READ MORE

  5. 5. On the necessity of screening and national registration of congenital cataracts

    Author : Gunilla Magnusson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : congenital cataract; glaucoma; intraocular surgery; posterior capsular opacification PCO ; prevalence; visual acuity VA ; visual impairment; screening; newborn examination; blindness prevention; cost-utility analysis; quality- adjusted life year QALY ;

    Abstract : Objectives: The overall aim of this thesis was to contribute to improvements in the management of congenital cataract by defining the most efficient screening procedure, examining the magnitude of the morbidity rate, optimizing the timing of surgery by relating surgical outcome to age at intervention and severity of visual deprivation and furthermore by evaluating costs versus consequences of introducing the most efficient screening procedure found, on a national basis.Methods: Paper I: 72 children born between 1992 and 1998 in the Stockholm County Council region, Västra Götaland and Halland county, Linköping-Motala, Malmö, and Lund, who had surgery for congenital cataract before the age of one year were included in a retrospective study. READ MORE