Search for dissertations about: "range shift"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 258 swedish dissertations containing the words range shift.

  1. 1. Microclimate at range margins : Consequences for boreal forest understory species

    Author : Caroline Greiser; Kristoffer Hylander; Johan Ehrlén; Eric Meineri; Miska Luoto; Alistair Jump; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; microclimate; species distribution; range dynamics; boreal forest; canopy cover; topography; soil moisture; air humidity; bryophytes; lichens; vascular plants; biotic interactions; forest management; biodiversity conservation; ekologi och evolution; Ecology and Evolution;

    Abstract : A warmer climate will shift species distributional range margins poleward, but near-ground microclimates may modify these shifts. Cold-adapted northern species at their rear edge may survive locally in microrefugia with a colder microclimate, and warm-adapted southern species at their leading edge may colonize stepping stone habitats with a warmer microclimate. READ MORE

  2. 2. The plasticity and geography of host use and the diversification of butterflies

    Author : Jessica Slove Davidson; Niklas Janz; Tommi Nyman; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Nymphalidae; host range; phylogeny; distribution; latitude; phylogeography; local specialisation; colonisation; host shift; polyphagy; speciation; diversification; zoologisk ekologi; Animal Ecology;

    Abstract : Our world is changing rapidly and factors like urbanisation, changed agricultural practices and climate change are causing losses in butterfly diversity. It is therefore of importance to understand the source of their diversity. READ MORE

  3. 3. Description of spatial and temporal distributions of epiphytic lichens

    Author : Håkan Lättman; Per Milberg; Bengt Gunnar Jonsson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; centroid; continuity; lichen; movement; range shift; direction; dispersal; ecological continuity; establishment; global change; global warming; habitat availability; håkan lättman; Biology; Biologi;

    Abstract : Lichens are, in most cases, sensitive to anthropogenic factors such as air pollution, global warming, forestry and fragmentation. Two studies are included in this thesis. The first is an evaluation of the importance of old oak for the rare epiphytic lichen Cliostomum corrugatum (Ach.) Fr. READ MORE

  4. 4. Continuously Variable Split-Power Transmissions with Several Modes

    Author : Per Mattsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : continuously variable transmission; variator; speed ratio range; ratio coverage; traction drive; mode shift; CVT; planetary gear; power split; IVT; infinitely variable transmission; epicyclic gear train; hydrostatic variator;

    Abstract : A continuously variable transmission (CVT) of split-power design consists of a variator and an arrangement of planetary gears. A black box model describing such transmissions is presented. The model can be used for synthesis as well as loss-free analysis of split-power CVT concepts in general. READ MORE

  5. 5. Caloramator Boliviensis, a New Thermoanaerobe with Interesting Metabolic Properties

    Author : Carla Crespo; Bioteknik; []
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Caloramator boliviensis; catabolic flexibility; ethanol production; butyrate-based lactate; wide substrate utilization range; metabolic shift; carbon and electron balance; functional genome annotation;

    Abstract : A novel ethanol-producing thermoanaerobe Caloramator boliviensis 45BT (=DSM 22065T, =CCUG 57396T) was isolated from a hot spring of the Bolivian highlands. C. READ MORE