Search for dissertations about: "relaxation"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 819 swedish dissertations containing the word relaxation.

  1. 1. Relaxation in constraint satisfaction problems

    Author : Pontus Svenson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : computational complexity; spin glasses; graph colouring; NP-completeness; relaxation; boolean satisfiability;

    Abstract : .... READ MORE

  2. 2. Theory of water-proton spin relaxation in complex biological systems

    Author : Zhiwei Chang; Biofysikalisk kemi; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; spin relaxation theory; immobilized macromolecules; magnetic relaxation dispersion; integral longitudinal relaxation rate; stochastic Liouville equations; multi-spin systems; cross-mode relaxation; spectral density functions;

    Abstract : In complex biological systems (e.g. gels, cross-linked proteins and biological tissues), the longitudinal spin relaxation of water protons is primarily induced by exchange-mediated orientational randomization (EMOR) of intra- and intermolecular magnetic dipole-dipole couplings. READ MORE

  3. 3. Zero-Field Splitting in Gd(III) complexes : Towards a molecular understanding of paramagnetic relaxation

    Author : Shehryar Khan; Michael Odelius; Arnold Maliniak; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Zero-Field Splitting; Relaxation; Quantum Chemistry; Molecular Dynamics; Gd III ; kemisk fysik; Chemical Physics;

    Abstract : The prime objectives of contrast agents in Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI) is to accelerate the relaxation rate of the solvent water protons in the surrounding tissue. Paramagnetic relaxation originates from dipole-dipole interactions between the nuclear spins and the fluctuating magnetic field induced by unpaired electrons. READ MORE

  4. 4. Probing Dynamics of Oligosaccharides by Interference Phenomena in NMR Relaxation

    Author : Leila Ghalebani; Jozef Kowalewski; Norbert Mueller; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NMR; sugars; oligosaccharides; carbon-13 relaxation; cross-correlated relaxation; molecular dynamics; internal motion; random jumps; PRE; paramagnetic relaxation; Chemistry; Kemi; fysikalisk kemi; Physical Chemistry;

    Abstract : Oligosaccharides (carbohydrates) are a large class of biological molecules that are important as energy sources in the human body and have enormously varied biological functions. It is generally believed that biological activities of carbohydrates are related to their internal dynamics. READ MORE

  5. 5. Paramagnetic relaxation reagents : nuclear magnetic resonance studies of preferential solvation

    Author : Hans Grahn; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Abstract : The interactions between neutral paramagnetic relaxation reagents (PARR's) and certain aromatic compounds have been studied by 1H and 13 C spin-lattice relaxation time measurements. In media such as cyclohexane and carbon tetrachloride, Cr(acac)3 becomes preferentially solvated by aromatic solutes. READ MORE