Search for dissertations about: "sciatica"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 13 swedish dissertations containing the word sciatica.

  1. 1. Nerve tissue injury markers, inflammatory mechanisms and immunologic factors in lumbar disc herniation. Clinical and experimental studies

    Author : Helena Brisby; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Disc herniation; sciatica; intervertebral disc; nucleus pulposus; nerve root; neurofilament; S-100; cytokines; nitric oxide; glycosphingolipids.;

    Abstract : The general concept for sciatic pain has for many decades been mechanical nerve root compression caused by a herniated disc. Recently evidence has indicated a more complex process, with a combination of mechanical and inflammatory/immunologic factors involved. READ MORE

  2. 2. Effects of nucleus pulposus on nerve root circulation and function. Morphologic and functional studies in an experimental model using porcine spinal nerve roots

    Author : Gunnar Byröd; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Nerve root; dorsal root ganglion; intervertebral disc; nucleus pulposus; epidural space; nerve fibre; permeability; blood flow; sciatica;

    Abstract : Sciatica due to lumbar disc herniation has for many decades been viewed as a consequence of mechanical compression exerted on spinal nerve roots by the bulging disc tissues. Recent research has, however, indicated that extruded nucleus pulposus (NP) from the intervertebral disc might cause functional and endoneurial morphological changes in spinal nerve roots, without mechanical compression. READ MORE

  3. 3. Lumbar spinal stenosis : Body mass index and the patient's perspective

    Author : Björn Knutsson; Karl Michaëlsson; Bengt Sandén; Göran Sjödén; Paul Gerdhem; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Antonovsky; back pain; BMI; body mass index; Bygghalsan; cohort study; coping; EQ-5D; excess weight; leg pain; LSS; lumbar spinal stenosis; obesity; ODI Oswestry disability index; overweight; patient-centered; patient-physician relationship; patient-perspective; patient-related-outcome-measure; PROMs; qualitative study; spinal stenosis; salutogenesis; salutogenic; sciatica; spine surgery; suffering; Swedish spine register; Swespine; VAS; weight loss; weight change; Orthopaedics; Ortopedi;

    Abstract : During recent decades, lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) has become the most common indication for spine surgery, a change that coincides with a higher worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity. Thus, surgical treatment of LSS in the overweight and obese population is common and increasing in scope. READ MORE

  4. 4. Lumbar fusion for chronic low-back pain in isthmic spondylolisthesis

    Author : Per Ekman; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Exercise; Outcome; Long-term; interbody fusion; spinal fusion; lumbar; Adjacent segment degeneration; Isthmic spondylolisthesis; Degenerative disc disease; Chronic low back pain; predictor; prospective; pain drawing; sciatica; psychologic screening; Randomized controlled trial;

    Abstract : Manifestation of isthmic spondylolisthesis (IS), with a prevalence of 5% in the general population, varies from totally asymptomatic to severe disability. Although fusion has positive short-term effects, the long-term outcome of such treatment, as well as possible accelerated degeneration of adjacent segment discs (ASD) and its clinical significance, are unknown. READ MORE

  5. 5. Acute low-back pain : a randomised controlled trial of sick-listed patients, with emphasis on co-morbidity, clinical outcome, predictors and costs

    Author : Thanassis Seferlis; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; acute low-back pain; referents; treatment; pain; disability; sick-leave; outcome predictors; costs;

    Abstract : The general aim of this thesis was to evaluate three treatment options, i.e. READ MORE