Search for dissertations about: "seagrasses"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 17 swedish dissertations containing the word seagrasses.

  1. 1. Seagrasses and Eutrophication : Interactions between seagrass photosynthesis, epiphytes, macroalgae and mussels

    Author : Esther Francis Mvungi; Mats Björk; Thomas J. Lyimo; Jens Borum; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; CO2; epiphytes; eutrophication; mussels; pH; Photosynthetic activities; seagrasses; Ulva; Plant physiology; Växtfysiologi; växtfysiologi; Plant Physiology;

    Abstract : Seagrass meadows are highly productive, ecologically and economically valuable ecosystems. However, increased human activities along the coastal areas leading to processes such as eutrophication have resulted in the rapid loss and deterioration of seagrass ecosystems worldwide. READ MORE

  2. 2. Humans and Seagrasses in East Africa : A social-ecological systems approach

    Author : Maricela de la Torre-Castro; Nils Kautsky; Carl Folke; Patrik Rönnbäck; Edward H. Allison; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : seagrasses; social-ecological systems; institutions; seaweed farming; artisanal fisheries; common-pool resources; natural resource management; Zanzibar; Tanzania; East Africa; Western Indian Ocean;

    Abstract : The present study is one of the first attempts to analyze the societal importance of seagrasses (marine flowering plants) from a Natural Resource Management perspective, using a social-ecological systems (SES) approach. The interdisciplinary study takes place in East Africa (Western Indian Ocean, WIO) and includes in-depth studies in Chwaka Bay, Zanzibar, Tanzania. READ MORE

  3. 3. Seagrasses and their epiphytes : Characterization of abundance and productivity in tropical seagrass beds

    Author : Jacqueline Uku; Mats Björk; Beatriz Diez; Evamaria Koch; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Seagrass; epiphytes; cyanobacteria; prokaryotes; diversity; productivity; carbon utilization; buffer sensitivity; Biology; Biologi;

    Abstract : Seagrass beds cover large intertidal and subtidal areas in coastal zones around the world and they are subjected to a wide variety of anthropogenic influences, such as nutrient enrichment due to sewage seepage. This study was undertaken to address specific questions focusing on whether near shore tropical seagrasses that receive a constant influx of groundwater nutrient inputs, would exhibit a higher productivity and to what extent epiphytic algae reflect the impacts of nutrient inputs. READ MORE

  4. 4. Seagrasses in warming oceans : physiological and biogeochemical responses

    Author : Rushingisha George; Mats Björk; Martin Gullström; Teresa Alcoverro Pedrola; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Global warming; greenhouse gas; warming oceans; temperate; tropical; coastal waters; Western Indian Ocean WIO ; tidal variability; seagrass; photosynthesis; respiration; photorespiration; biogeochemical processes; sulphide; methane; nitrous oxide; carbon dioxide; växtfysiologi; Plant Physiology;

    Abstract : The exponential increase of atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations over the past 50 years has caused a rise in the global average temperature by more than 1ºC above pre-industrial levels. Ninety-three percent of this heat energy has been absorbed and stored by the oceans, increasing their temperatures, particularly in surface waters. READ MORE

  5. 5. Seawater pH as a Controlling Factor in Macroalgal Calcification and Photosynthesis

    Author : Immaculate Sware Semesi; Mats Björk; Sven Beer; O. P. Rui Santos; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Calcareous macroalgae; CO2; mussels; pH; seagrasses; tropical lagoons; Plant physiology; Växtfysiologi; växtfysiologi; Plant Physiology;

    Abstract : Biological calcification and photosynthesis are important processes with a great influence on both structure and function of oceanic ecosystems. The pH of the seawater has a strong influence on both these processes and therefore the impacts of different pH levels on calcareous macroalgae were investigated in laboratory and field experiments at Chwaka and Fumba Bays in Zanzibar, Tanzania. READ MORE