Search for dissertations about: "simple models"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 877 swedish dissertations containing the words simple models.

  1. 1. Probabilistic Sequence Models with Speech and Language Applications

    Author : Gustav Eje Henter; W. Bastiaan Kleijn; Arne Leijon; Gernot Kubin; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Time series; acoustic modelling; speech synthesis; stochastic processes; causal-state splitting reconstruction; robust causal states; pattern discovery; Markov models; HMMs; nonparametric models; Gaussian processes; Gaussian process dynamical models; nonlinear Kalman filters; information theory; minimum entropy rate simplification; kernel density estimation; time-series bootstrap;

    Abstract : Series data, sequences of measured values, are ubiquitous. Whenever observations are made along a path in space or time, a data sequence results. To comprehend nature and shape it to our will, or to make informed decisions based on what we know, we need methods to make sense of such data. READ MORE

  2. 2. Simple Models for Complex Nonequilibrium Problems in Nanoscale Friction and Network Dynamics

    Author : David Andersson; Astrid de WIjn; Supriya Krishnamurthy; Nicola Manini; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; tribology; nanofriction; 2d materials; graphene; image reconstruction; social dynamics; common-pool resource; collective action; simple models; Theoretical Physics; teoretisk fysik;

    Abstract : This doctoral thesis investigates three different topics: How friction evolves in atomically thin layered materials (2D materials); How social dynamics can be used to model grand scale common-pool resource games; Benchmarking of various image reconstruction algorithms in atomic force microscopy experiments. While these topics are diverse, they share being complex out-of-equilibrium systems. READ MORE

  3. 3. Theoretical Studies Using Simple Ionic Liquid Models

    Author : Hongduo Lu; Teoretisk kemi; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Room Temperature Ionic Liquids; Coarse-Grained Models; Differential Capacitance; Monte Carlo; Classical Density Functional Theory; Room Temprerature Ionic Luqids; coarse-grained model; differential capacitance; Monte Carlo simulation; Classical Density Functional Theory;

    Abstract : Room Temperature Ionic Liquids (RTILs) are organic salts that melt below 100 degrees Celsius. The advantages of RTILs, such as high ionic concentrations and low melting points, promote several potential applications. For instance, RTILs could be utilized in manufacturing energy storage devices, and as efficient solvents. READ MORE

  4. 4. Models in Neutrino Physics : Numerical and Statistical Studies

    Author : Johannes Bergström; Tommy Ohlsson; Pilar Hernandez; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Neutrino mass; lepton mixing; Majorana neutrinos; neutrino oscillations; neutrinoless double beta decay; statistical methods; Bayesian inference; model selection; effective field theory; Weinberg operator; seesaw models; inverse seesaw; right-handed neutrinos; renormalization group; threshold effects.; Neutrinomassor; leptonblandning; Majorananeutriner; neutrinooscillationer; neutrinol¨ost dubbelt betas¨onderfall; statistiska metoder; Bayesisk inferens; modellval; effektiv f¨altteori; Weinbergoperator; seesawmodeller; invers seesaw; högerhänta neutriner; renormeringsgrupp; tröskeleffekter.;

    Abstract : The standard model of particle physics can excellently describe the vast majorityof data of particle physics experiments. However, in its simplest form, it cannot account for the fact that the neutrinos are massive particles and lepton flavorsmixed, as required by the observation of neutrino oscillations. READ MORE

  5. 5. Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Radio Propagation Channels : Characteristics and Models

    Author : Kai Yu; Björn Ottersten; David Gesbert; KTH; []

    Abstract : In recent years, deploying multiple antennas at both transmitter and receiver has appeared as a very promising technology. By exploiting the spatial domain, multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems can support extremely high data rates as long as the environments can provide sufficiently rich scattering. READ MORE