Search for dissertations about: "smelt"

Found 5 swedish dissertations containing the word smelt.

  1. 1. Black liquor gasification : experimental stability studies of smelt components and refractory lining

    Author : Mathias Råberg; Dan Boström; Anders Nordin; Honghi Tran; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; black liquor gasification; DTA; stability; thermal analysis; thermochemical data; HTM; HT-XRD; metastable; phase diagram; refractory lining; SEM; Chemical energy engineering; Kemisk energiteknik;

    Abstract : Black liquors are presently combusted in recovery boilers where the inorganic cooking chemicals are recovered and the energy in the organic material is converted to steam and electricity. A new technology, developed by Chemrec AB, is black liquor gasification (BLG). READ MORE

  2. 2. From recovery boiler to integration of a textile fiber plant : Combination of mass balance analysis and chemical engineering

    Author : Hans Magnusson; Ulf Germgård; Gunnar Henriksson; Hans Theliander; Karlstads universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; kraft pulping; recovery boiler; smelt properties; non-process elements; oxygen delignification; viscose manufacturing; integrated production; regenerated cellulose; sulfatmassa; fysikaliska egenskaper; smälta; sodapanna; processfrämmande ämnen; bioraffinaderi; integrerad produktion; regenererad cellulosa; Chemical Engineering; Kemiteknik;

    Abstract : Modern chemical technology is an efficient tool for solving problems, particularly within the complex environment of the pulp and paper industry, and the combination of experimental studies, mill data and mass balance calculations are of fundamental importance to the development of the industry. In this study various examples are presented, whereby chemical technology is of fundamental importance. READ MORE

  3. 3. Pressurized entrained-flow high temperature black liquor gasification : CFD based reactor scale-up method and spray burner characterization

    Author : Magnus Marklund; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Strömningslära; Fluid Mechanics;

    Abstract : Black liquor is an important by-product in the chemical kraft pulping process, which provides the paper mill with pulp. Due to both economical and environmental protection driving forces it is important to recover the pulping chemicals and energy contained in the black liquor. READ MORE

  4. 4. Recovery of Kraft Black Liquor - Alternative Processes and System Analysis

    Author : Tobias Richards; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : shrinking-core; entropy; Kraft black liquor; equilibrium; thermodynamic efficiency; direct causticization;

    Abstract : Besides the conventional recovery process, there are several possible processes whereby the cooking chemicals in kraft black liquor can be recovered. A part of one of the possible processes, direct causticization using titanate, has been studied in detail. READ MORE

  5. 5. Efficient energy use in different applications

    Author : Lars Johansson; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Energiteknik; Energy Engineering;

    Abstract : There is a steadily growing awareness for environmental issues caused by the increased energy use, mainly in the industrial world. The use of fossil fuels has reached the point where it can not be looked at as an endless source, the resources are decreasing at a pace where alternative energy sources will be a necessity for this and future generations. READ MORE