Search for dissertations about: "softwood lignin"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 43 swedish dissertations containing the words softwood lignin.

  1. 1. Lignin Extraction from Black Liquor - Properties of the Liquors and Sulphur Content in the Lignin

    Author : Ali Seid Moosavifar; [2008]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; heat-treatment; lignin precipitation; boiling point elevation; lignin; alkalisation; biofuel; properties; viscosity; Black liquor; combustion of lignin; lignin modification; viscosity correlations.;

    Abstract : Kraft lignin isolated by precipitation can be considered as being a valuable renewable source of energy and material. Removing lignin from black liquor is also advantageous as it decreases the load on the recovery boiler, which is usually the limiting factor in the production of kraft pulp. READ MORE

  2. 2. The initial phase of sodium sulfite pulping of softwood A comparison of different pulping options

    University dissertation from Karlstad : Karlstads universitet

    Author : Raghu Deshpande; Karlstads universitet.; [2016]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Activation energy; acid sulfite pulping; bisulfite pulping; cellulose; delignification; dissolving pulp; extractives; glucomannan; hemicelluloses; lignin; lignin condensation; lignin carbohydrate complexes; pine; spruce; thiosulfate; total SO2; xylan; Chemical Engineering; Kemiteknik;

    Abstract : Single stage and two-stage sodium sulfite cooking were carried out on either spruce, pine or pure pine heartwood chips to investigate the influence of several process parameters on the initial phase of such a cook down to about 60 % pulp yield. The cooking experiments were carried out in the laboratory with either a lab-prepared or a mill-prepared cooking acid and the temperature and time were varied. READ MORE

  3. 3. On the structure of residual lignin in kraft pulping

    University dissertation from Stockholm : KTH

    Author : Andrea Majtnerová; KTH.; [2005]
    Keywords : TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; biphenyl structures; kappa number; kraft pulping; phenols; radical coupling; residual delignificaiton; residual lignin; softwood; TECHNOLOGY Chemical engineering Chemical process and manufacturing engineering Cellulose and paper engineering; TEKNIKVETENSKAP Kemiteknik Kemisk process- och produktionsteknik Cellulosa- och pappersteknik;

    Abstract : .... READ MORE

  4. 4. On the Physical Chemistry of Kraft Lignin – Fundamentals and Applications

    University dissertation from Magnus Norgren, Mid Sweden University, SE-851 70 Sundsvall, Sweden

    Author : Magnus Norgren; Mittuniversitetet.; [2001]
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi; kraft lignin; sodium taurodeoxycholate; bile acid salts; stabilisa-tion; Hofmeister series; fractals; DLCA; RLCA; self-aggregation; colloid; self-diffusion coefficients; DLVO; Poisson-Boltzmann; pKa; dissociation; macromolecule; kraft cooking; lignin; Fysikalisk kemi; Physical chemistry; cryo-TEM; light scattering; 1H PFG NMR;

    Abstract : This thesis describes the physical chemistry of softwood kraft lignin in aqueous alkaline solutions. Both fundamental and applicational aspects are discussed. Kraft lignin originates either from pulp fibres or from black liquor produced by kraft cooking. READ MORE

  5. 5. Ultrastructural Aspects of Pulp Fibers as Studied by Dynamic FT-IR Spectroscopy

    University dissertation from Stockholm : Fiber- och polymerteknologi

    Author : Margaretha Åkerholm; KTH.; [2003]
    Keywords : cellulose; cooperation; crystallinity; dynamic test; glucomannan; hardwood; holocellulose; humidity; infrared spectroscopy; kraft pulp; lignin; mechanical pulp; orientation; polarised light; softwood; strain; sulphite pulp; viscoelasticity; xylan;

    Abstract : Dynamic (or 2D) FT-IR spectroscopy in combination withpolarized IR irradiation has been used in this work to studywood polymer orientation and interactions on theultrastructural level in wood fibers in the native state aswell as the effects of different pulping processes. The woodpolymer interactions were studied under both dry and humidconditions. READ MORE