Search for dissertations about: "soil loss"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 68 swedish dissertations containing the words soil loss.

  1. 1. Soil salinity as a driver of microbial community structure and functioning

    Author : Kristin Rath; MEMEG; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Soil salinization; Soil Microbiology; soil microbial community; Bacteria; Aerobic; Fungi; Drying-rewetting; Microbial growth; Microbial biomass; Soil respiration; salinity tolerance; Saline soils; Salinity gradient;

    Abstract : Soil salinization is a pressing agricultural problem in many areas of the world, particularly in areas heavily reliant on irrigation agriculture. While the negative effects of salinity on crop plants have been widely studied, its effects on soil microorganisms have received less attention, and the impact of soil salinity on both microbial community structure and functioning is not well understood. READ MORE

  2. 2. Soil Degradation of Raised-beds on Orchards in the Mekong Delta Field and Laboratory Methods

    Author : Quang Pham Van; Per-Erik Jansson; Khoa Le Van; Ingmar Messing; KTH; []
    Keywords : AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; citrus orchards; nutrient; soil fertility; soil strength; soil degradation; alluvial soil; Mekong delta;

    Abstract : Soil degradation is a complex process which may occur anywhere and at any time. It directly affects the physical, chemical and biological processes within the soil profile. Soil degradation can either be as a result of natural hazards or due to manmade actions, such as mismanagement on cropping patterns, soil preparation and cultivation practices. READ MORE

  3. 3. Diversity of soil microbial communities: In the perspective of targeting functional genes

    Author : Lokeshwaran Manoharan; Biodiversitet; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Soil; metagenomics; sequence capture; microbial communities; functional diversity; taxonomic diversity;

    Abstract : Abstract Intensive land use in agriculture can lead to higher loss of biodiversity in soils and subsequently carbon due to tillage and application of pesticides and fertilizers. The microbial communities are pivotal to ecosystem processes in soil such as nutrient cycling, soil formation and plant productivity and thus are affected by land use. READ MORE

  4. 4. Achieving carbon isotope mass balance in northern forest soils, soil respiration and fungi

    Author : Björn Boström; Alf Ekblad; Phil Ineson; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; 13C; Carbon cycle; Ectomycorrhizal fungi; Forest soil; Microbial respiration; Soil respiration; Stable isotopes; Biology; Biologi; Biology; Biologi;

    Abstract : Northern forests contain a large part of the global terrestrial carbon pool and it is unclear whether they will be sinks or sources for atmospheric carbon if the climate warms as predicted. Stable isotope techniques provide unique tools to study the carbon cycle at different scales but the interpretation of the isotope data is impaired by our inability to close the carbon isotope mass balance of ecosystems. READ MORE

  5. 5. Tillage practices and their impact on soil organic carbon and the microbial community

    Author : Sofia Hydbom; Biodiversitet; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Tillage; Agriculture; Long-term field experiment; Microorganism; Clayey soil; Soil organic carbon; Farmer; Sweden;

    Abstract : Soil microorganisms are important for climate regulation as well as for plant nutrition. In agricultural soils the microorganisms are affected by management choices, like which type of tillage that is used. READ MORE