Search for dissertations about: "spatial epidemiology"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 25 swedish dissertations containing the words spatial epidemiology.

  1. 1. Spatial Analysis and Modeling for Health Applications

    Author : Lars Skog; Yifang Ban; Matthew Smallman-Raynor; KTH; []
    Keywords : ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Sweden; spatial analysis; spatial modeling; spatio-temporal spread; epidemiology; pandemic; walkability; health; Russian influenza; Asian influenza; A H1N1 pdm09; GWM; climate factors;

    Abstract : Despite the benefits of applying methods of geographic information science (GIScience), the use of such methods in health service planning and provision remains greatly underutilized. Spread of epidemic diseases is a constant threat to mankind and the globalization of the world increases the risk for global attacks from multi-resistant bacteria or deadly virus strains. READ MORE

  2. 2. Who died, where, when and why? : an investigation of HIV-related mortality in rural South Africa

    Author : Paul Mee; Peter Byass; Mark A Collinson; Sangeetha Madhavan; Frank Tanser; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; HIV; AIDS; Mortality; Determinants; Risk Factor; Spatial Epidemiology; Structural Determinant; Antiretroviral Therapy; Healthcare Access; South Africa; Sub-Saharan Africa; Traditional Medical Practitioner; Traditional Medicine; Tuberculosis; Health and Demographic Surveillance System; Global Health; Population Health; Epidemiology; Epidemiology; epidemiologi;

    Abstract : BackgroundSouth Africa has experienced the most severe consequences of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Every community has been affected in some way, many experiencing huge increases in mortality,particularly before antiretroviral therapies (ART) were readily available. READ MORE

  3. 3. Epidemiological and Spatial Association between Arsenic Exposure via Drinking Water and Morbidity and Mortality : Population based studies in rural Bangladesh

    Author : Nazmul Sohel; Lars Åke Persson; Marie Vahter; Pavlos Kanaroglou; Gunnar Nordberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Arsenic; tube-well; skin lesion; adult mortality; foetal loss; infant death; cohort; spatial model; Bangladesh; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi; International Health; Internationell hälsa;

    Abstract : The overall aim of this thesis is to evaluate the risk for increased morbidity and mortality due to long-term arsenic exposure via drinking water by use of epidemiological and spatial approaches in studies performed in Matlab, Bangladesh. A total of 166,934 individuals aged 4 years and above were screened for skin lesions in 2002-2003. READ MORE

  4. 4. Spatial modelling and simulation for disease surveillance

    Author : Mohammadreza Rajabi; Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; GISgeografiska informationssystem; Agent Based Modeling; spatial epidemiology; machine learning;

    Abstract : This thesis addresses the application of spatial approaches to disease surveillance and control from three different aspects. First, temporal trends, geographical distribution and spatial pattern of cardiovascular disease admission rates were explored on a national level in Sweden. READ MORE

  5. 5. Air pollution in Nairobi slums : sources, levels and lay perceptions

    Author : Kanyiva Muindi; Nawi Ng; Joacim Rocklöv; Elizabeth Kimani-Murage; Marie Thynell; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Air pollution; perceptions; slums; health impacts; Nairobi; Epidemiology; epidemiologi; folkhälsa; Public health;

    Abstract : BackgroundAir quality in Africa has remained a relatively under-researched field. Most of the African population is dependent on biomass for cooking and heating, with most of the combustion happening in low efficiency stoves in unvented kitchens. READ MORE