Search for dissertations about: "sphincter pressure"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 21 swedish dissertations containing the words sphincter pressure.

  1. 1. Endosonography of the anal spincter in women with particular reference to obstetric sphincter tears

    Author : Marianne Starck-Söndergaard; Kirurgi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; anal sphincter; childbirth; obstetric sphincter tears; Anal endosonography; endosonographic sphincter defects; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Abstract : The aim of this thesis was to study the endosonographic morphology of the anal sphincter in women, to establish an endosonographic sphincter defect score and to relate it to anal incontinence and anal sphincter pressure. A further aim was to determine intra-observer and inter-observer agreement in detection of endosonographic anal sphincter defects. READ MORE

  2. 2. Effects of anasthesia on esophageal sphincters

    Author : Rebecca Ahlstrand; Magnus Wattvil; Johan Ullman; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Lower esophageal shincter; Upper esophageal sphincter; Barrier pressure; Manometry; Propofol; Remifentanil; Alfentanil; Rocuronium; Cricoid pressure; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; Surgery; Kirurgi; Anaesthetics; Anestesiologi; Anaesthesiology; Anestesiologi;

    Abstract : The esophageal sphincters constitute the anatomical protection against pulmonary aspiration. The aim of this thesis was to study the esophageal sphincters and how they are affected by different components of emergency anesthesia using high-resolution solid-state manometry.The effect of propofol (0. READ MORE

  3. 3. Effects of anesthesia on esophageal sphincters in obese patients

    Author : Alex de León; Magnus Wattwil; Ola Stenqvist; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Lower esophageal sphincter; upper esophageal sphincter; barrier pressure; obesity; high-resolution solid-state manometry; anesthesia; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; Surgery; Kirurgi; Anaesthetics; Anestesiologi; Surgery; Kirurgi; Anaesthesiology; Anestesiologi;

    Abstract : The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) play a central role in preventing regurgitation and aspiration. The aim of this thesis was to evaluate the UES, LES, esophageal (E) and barrier (Br) pressures (P) using high resolution solid state manometry (HRSM). READ MORE

  4. 4. Haemorrhoids : Aspects of Symptoms and Results after Surgery

    Author : Helgi Örn Jóhannsson; Wilhelm Graf; Lars Påhlman; Olof Hallbök; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; Haemorrhoids; Haemorrhoidectomy; Faecal incontinence; Irritable Bowel Syndrome; Bowel symptoms; Sphincter pressure; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : One hundred haemorrhoid patients were compared with 300 matched control persons. Haemorrhoid symptoms and bowel symptoms were studied. Most common symptom of the patients was bleeding (44%), followed by prolapse (24%), hygiene problem (14%), pain (12%) and itching (5%). READ MORE

  5. 5. Slow Transit Constipation : Aspects of Diagnosis and Treatment

    Author : Erik Lundin; Urban Karlbom; Wilhelm Graf; Anders Dolk; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; colectomy; constipation; radio-opaque markers; rectal compliance; rectal sensation; scintigraphy; segmental colonic resection; segmental colonic transit; sphincter pressure; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : Oral 111-Indium-DTPA colonic scintigraphy was used to assess segmental transit in 23 patients with slow transit constipation (STC) and 13 controls. The transit time did not differ between patients and controls in the right colon, whereas the patients had a consistent delay from the transverse colon and distally (P... READ MORE