Search for dissertations about: "splanchnic"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 43 swedish dissertations containing the word splanchnic.

  1. 1. Splanchnic perfusion in cardiac surgery

    Author : Anders Thorén; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Splanchnic circulation; jejunal mucosal perfusion; laser Doppler flowmetry; cardiopulmonary bypass; cardiac surgery; inotropic agents; gastric tonometry; sympathetic reflex;

    Abstract : Splanchnic ischemia in cardiac surgery is considered a risk factor in the development of the Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome (MODS), which is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the intensive care unit. Splanchnic ischemia/reperfusion may lead to an injury of the intestinal mucosa and induce a systemic inflammation (SIRS), which is proposed to precede MODS. READ MORE

  2. 2. Monitoring of Splanchnic Regional Perfusion : An Experimental Study of New Application and Validation

    Author : Itaru Koga; Lennart Christiansson; Lars Wiklund; Björn Biber; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anaesthesiology and intensive care; Splanchnic circulation; Regional ischemia; Hepatic artery buffer response; Air tonometry; Intraperitoneal; Reflectance pulse oximetry; Hepatic venous oxygen saturation; Lactate; PCO2 gap; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthetics and intensive care; Anestesiologi och intensivvård;

    Abstract : Systemic infection, major surgery, trauma and many other causes can lead to impaired organ function. Compensated shock is not detected by global hemodynamic and oxygen measurements, as they take no account for regional variations. READ MORE

  3. 3. Splanchnic circulation in cardiac surgery

    Author : Michael Gårdebäck; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; cardiopulmonary bypass dopamine dopexamine echocardiography ethanol; heart surgery indocyanine green intramucosal pHi splanchnic circulationMichael Gårdebäck; 1996;

    Abstract : The studies addressed different techniques of monitoring hepatic and splanchnic blood flow(SBF) during open heart surgery. Calculations of gastric mucosal pH (pHi) using tonometrywas performed in 72 patients, and the effect of dopaminergic stimulation on pH1 was studiedin 33 patients. READ MORE

  4. 4. Factors influencing splanchnic microcirculation in animal models of endotoxaemia

    Author : Andreas Andersson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Microcirculation;

    Abstract : Even though severe sepsis and septic shock therapy has improved in recent years, mortality remains high (22-50%). Disturbances in splanchnic organ homeostasis and increases in gut permeability have long been presumed to contribute to systemic inflammation and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome in critical illness and septic shock. READ MORE

  5. 5. The gastrointestinal tract in cardiac anaesthesia and intensive care : Clinical and experimental studies

    Author : Jenny Seilitz; Kristofer Nilsson; Kjell Jansson; Birger Axelsson; Måns Edström; Sten Rubertsson; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Acute Gastrointestinal Injury grade; biomarkers; extracorporeal circulation; splanchnic perfusion; inotropic drugs; vasoactive drugs; lactate; lactate pyruvate ratio;

    Abstract : Gastrointestinal (GI) complications after cardiac surgery have a substantial impact on outcome. The aims were to investigate the frequency of, and methods for detecting, GI dysfunction after cardiac surgery and its relation to outcome, and the impact of vasoactive drugs on the GI tract in experimental cardiogenic shock. READ MORE