Search for dissertations about: "stoma"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 34 swedish dissertations containing the word stoma.

  1. 1. Defunctioning stoma in low anterior resection of the rectum for cancer : Aspects of stoma reversal, anastomotic leakage, anorectal function, and cost-effectiveness

    Author : Hannah Floodeen; Peter Matthiessen; Olof Hallböök; Neil Mortensen; Örebro universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; rectal cancer; low anterior resection; defunctioning stoma; stoma reversal; anastomotic leakage; anorectal function; costs; resources; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : Rectal cancer is a common malignancy treated with surgical resection and curative intent in the majority of cases. One treatment option is low anterior resection (LAR) with preserved bowel continuity, often involving the formation of a temporary defunctioning stoma (DS). READ MORE

  2. 2. Permanent stoma after anterior resection for rectal cancer : prevalence and mechanisms

    Author : Klas Holmgren; Martin Rutegård; Jörgen Rutegård; Markku M. Haapamäki; Peter Matthiessen; Malin Sund; Per J. Nilsson; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; rectal cancer; anterior resection; permanent stoma; defunctioning stoma; mesorectal excision; biomarkers; Surgery; kirurgi;

    Abstract : While sphincter-saving surgery constitutes standard treatment for rectal cancer, anterior resection still harbours a significant risk of a permanent stoma in the long run. Although anastomotic leakage plays a major role in this surgical dilemma, the exact mechanisms are not known, while surveys indicate a stoma-free outcome is essential for a majority of patients. READ MORE

  3. 3. Stomas from a rural perspective : an evaluation of characteristics, differences and improvement opportunities

    Author : Simon Näverlo; Karin Strigård; Ulf Gunnarsson; Anette Edin-Liljegren; Ingvar Syk; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; rural; defunctioning stoma; permanent stoma; stoma reversal; distance; quality-of-life; parastomal hernia; mesh; prophylaxis; colostomy; urostomy; ileostomy; content analysis; Surgery; kirurgi;

    Abstract : Introduction: Stoma-related complications are common and consequences for the individual patient may be considerable. In rural areas, competence regarding stoma-related problems is largely absent. READ MORE

  4. 4. Parastomal hernia : clinical studies on definitions and prevention

    Author : Arthur Jänes; Leif Israelsson; Åke Öberg; Torbjörn Holm; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Parastomal hernia; stoma complications; prosthetic mesh; mesh complications; sigmoid stoma; ileostomy; laparoscopic stoma; CT-scan; Surgery; Kirurgi; kirurgi; Surgery;

    Abstract : The aims of the studies was to evaluate the short and long term effects on the development of parastomal hernia and stoma complications of a prophylactic prosthetic mesh placed in a sublay position at the index operation.  Also the purpose was to validate a definition of parastomal hernia at clinical examination and a method and a definition of parastomal hernia at CT-scan. READ MORE

  5. 5. Rectal cancer surgery : Defunctioning stoma, anastomotic leakage and postoperative monitoring

    Author : Peter Matthiessen; Olof Hallböök; Rune Sjödahl; Lars Påhlman; Linköpings universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anterior resection of the rectum; total mesorectal excision; TME; anastomotic leakage; defunctioning stoma; risk factors; intraoperative adverse events; population based study; postoperative monitoring; CT-scan microdialysis; cytokines; Surgery; Kirurgi;

    Abstract : The understanding of the mesorectal spread in rectal cancer has lead to wide acceptance of total mesorectal excision (TME) as the surgical technique of choice for carcinoma in the lower and mid rectum. While oncological results and survival have improved with TME-surgery, morbidity and mortality remain important issues. READ MORE