Search for dissertations about: "suppressor tRNA"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 8 swedish dissertations containing the words suppressor tRNA.

  1. 1. Factors modulating tRNA biogenesis and function in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Author : Fu Xu; Anders Byström; Marcus J. O. Johansson; Raffael Schaffrath; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Translation; tRNA biogenesis; suppressor tRNA; Elongator complex; wobble uridine modifications; SUP4; YPK9; SSD1; serine tRNA; synthetic lethality; yeast; biology; biologi; molekylärbiologi; Molecular Biology; Genetics; genetik;

    Abstract : Transfer RNA (tRNA) genes are transcribed by RNA polymerase III as precursors that undergo multiple processing steps to form mature tRNAs. These steps include processing of the 5’ leader and 3’ trailer sequences, addition of a 3’ CCA tail, removal of introns, and formation of modified nucleosides. READ MORE

  2. 2. tRNA Gene Structures in Bacteria

    Author : B. M. Fredrik Pettersson; Leif A. Kirsebom; Anders Byström; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Cell and molecular biology; Cell- och molekylärbiologi; mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Abstract : In bacteria, tRNA molecules are produced as precursors with additional nucleotides both upstream and downstream of the tRNA coding sequence. To generate a mature tRNA, the endoribonuclease RNase P removes the upstream sequence, while a number of enzymes can remove the downstream sequence. READ MORE

  3. 3. Function of wobble nucleoside modifications in tRNAs of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium

    Author : Peng Chen; Glenn R. Björk; Paul Agris; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Molecular biology; tRNA; wobble nucleoside; frameshifting; translation; Molekylärbiologi; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; molekylärbiologi; Molecular Biology;

    Abstract : Transfer RNA from all organisms has modified nucleosides and position 34 (the wobble position) is one of the most extensively modified positions. Some wobble nucleoside modifications restrict codon choice (e.g. 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridine, mnm5s2U) while some extend the decoding capacity (e. READ MORE

  4. 4. Studies on Translation Initiation and Termination in Escherichia coli

    Author : Georgina Ibrahim Isak; Leif Isaksson; Suparna Sanyal; Stockholms universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Escherichia coli; translation; ribosome; IF1; RF1; kasugamycin; tRNA; molekylärgenetik; Molecular Genetics;

    Abstract : Translation initiation factor 1 (IF1) has been shown to be an RNA chaperone. In order to find functional interactions that IF1 may have with rRNA, we have isolated second-site suppressors of a cold-sensitive IF1 mutant. READ MORE

  5. 5. Chromatin and transcriptome-based integrative approaches to profile functional long noncoding RNAs - A computational approach

    Author : Santhilal Subhash; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Computational biology; Long noncoding RNAs; Chromatin; S-phase; Cell cycle; sperm; Epigenetics; Histone; cancer; oncogene; Tumor suppressor; DNA methylation; Histone modifications; Chromatin remodelers; lncRNAs; lincRNAs;

    Abstract : One of the major hallmarks of cancer is aberrant or uncontrollable cell division, which occurs due to a defective cell cycle process. During the synthesis phase (S-phase) of the cell cycle, before cell division or mitosis phase, the DNA in the cell makes a new copy to pass on genetic information to the daughter cells. READ MORE