Search for dissertations about: "surface oxide properties"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 382 swedish dissertations containing the words surface oxide properties.


    Author : Henrik Karlsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Keywords : water atomisation; surface analysis; sintering; chromium-alloyed steel.; Powder metallurgy; surface reactions; surface; surface oxide; SEM; XRD; AES; XPS;

    Abstract : During water-atomisation and handling of steel powder the surface inevitably oxidises. The surface bound oxide is an important factor in the processing of powder metallurgical (PM) steels, especially in case the powder contains elements forming stable oxides, such as Cr, Mn, and Si. READ MORE

  2. 2. Bioaccessibility of Stainless Steels : Importance of Bulk and Surface Features

    Author : Gunilla Herting; Inger Odnevall Wallinder; Stuart Lyon; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Stainless steel; iron; chromium; nickel; corrosion; metal release; artificial rain; synthetic body fluids; acetic acid; surface oxide; surface finish; Surface and colloid chemistry; Yt- och kolloidkemi;

    Abstract : With increasing environmental awareness, the desire to protect human beings and the environment from adverse effects induced by dispersed metals has become an issue of great concern and interest. New policies, such as REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals) within the European Community, have been implemented to reduce hazards posed by the use of chemicals on producers and downstream users. READ MORE

  3. 3. Amphiphilic Polymers as Additives in Biomedical Polyurethanes. Surface Properties and Morphology

    Author : Maria Kober; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; polymer micelles; phase separation; migration; poly ethylene oxide ; surface enrichment; morphology; polyurethane; additives; Surface modification; amphiphilic polymers; polymer blends; Polymer technology; biopolymers; Polymerteknik;

    Abstract : The aim of this work was to achieve surface modification of two biomedical polyurethanes and one poly(urethane urea) through the addition of small amounts of amphiphilic copolymers in solution. The matrix polymers used were the poly(ether urethane)s Pellethane 2363-80AE (P80) and 2363-75D (P75) and a poly(ether urethane urea) similar to Biomer (PUUR). READ MORE

  4. 4. Graphite oxides for preparation of graphene related materials : structure, chemical modification and hydrogen storage properties

    Author : Alexey Klechikov; Alexandr Talyzin; Tamás Szabó; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Graphite oxide; graphene oxide; hydrogen storage; nanomaterials; adsorption; surface area; pore volume; Materials Science; materialvetenskap;

    Abstract : Carbon materials have been studied for hydrogen storage for decades, but they showed too low capacity at ambient temperature compared to target values for practical applications. This thesis includes two parts. First one is fundamental study of graphite oxides (GO) structure and properties. READ MORE

  5. 5. Investigation of electrochemical properties and performance of stimulation/sensing electrodes for pacemaker applications

    Author : Anna Norlin; Jinshan Pan; Dieter Scharnweber; KTH; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Physical chemistry; pacemaker electrode; interfacial property; biomaterial; electrostimulation charge transfer mechanism; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; transient processes; plasma electrolysis anodisation; porous niobium oxide; ruthenium oxide; nano-porous carbon; iridium oxide; titanium nitride; platinum; surface roughness; porous electrode; pacing impedance; electrode polarisation; Fysikalisk kemi; Physical chemistry; Fysikalisk kemi;

    Abstract : People suffering from certain types of arrhythmia may benefit from the implantation of a cardiac pacemaker. Pacemakers artificially stimulate the heart by applying short electrical pulses to the cardiac tissue to restore and maintain a steady heart rhythm. By adjusting the pulse delivery rate the heart is stimulated to beat at desired pace. READ MORE