Search for dissertations about: "thermoregulation"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 23 swedish dissertations containing the word thermoregulation.

  1. 1. Avian thermoregulation across age and seasons

    Author : Fredrik Andreasson; Evolutionär ekologi; []
    Keywords : NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ambient temperature; body temperature; Cyanistes caeruleus; energy expenditure; hypothermia; life-history theory; metabolic rate; Parus major; thermoregulation; trade-off; winter ecology;

    Abstract : Animals constantly need to relate to prevailing environmental conditions and regulate their body temperature accordingly. Body temperature regulation in birds and mammals is inherently linked to energy expenditure and, thus, thermoregulation is a physiological mechanism that could trade-off with other costly processes, with potential long-term fitness consequences. READ MORE

  2. 2. Intraspecific diversity of pike (Esox lucius) in the Baltic Sea and new insights on thermoregulation in fish

    Author : Oscar Nordahl; Per Larsson; Anders Forsman; Juha Merilä; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; adaptive divergence; Cyprinus carpio; ecology; Esox lucius; evolution; local adaptation; management; thermoregulation; sun-basking; vertical migration; Akvatisk ekologi; Aquatic Ecology; Evolutionary Biology; Evolutionsbiologi;

    Abstract : Fish display a fascinating variation in behavior, morphology and physiology among species, among individuals within species, and within individuals over time. A central quest in ecology and evolution is to understand causes and consequences of such variation. READ MORE

  3. 3. Effects of Motion Sickness on Human Thermoregulatory Mechanisms

    Author : Gerard Nobel; Ola Eiken; Nigel A.S. Taylor; KTH; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Motion Sickness; autonomic thermoregulation; behavioural thermoregulation; hypothermia; acetylcholine; histamine; Physiology; Fysiologi;

    Abstract : The presented studies were performed to investigate the effects of motion sickness (MS) on human autonomic and behavioural thermoregulatory mechanisms during cold stress and in a thermoneutral environment. The roles of histaminergic and cholinergic neuron systems in autonomic thermoregulation and MS-dependent dysfunction of autonomic thermoregulation were studied using a histamine-receptor blocker, dimenhydrinate (DMH), and a muscarine-receptor blocker, scopolamine (Scop). READ MORE

  4. 4. Causes and consequences of niche differentiation between color morphs of pygmy grasshoppers

    Author : Einat Karpestam; Anders Forsman; Birgitta Tullberg; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Keywords : NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; color polymorphism; visual predators; Tetrix subulata; differential habitat use; niche; thermoregulation; feeding preferences; stable isotopes; Evolutionary Biology; Evolutionsbiologi;

    Abstract : In this thesis, I used the color polymorphic pygmy grasshopper, Tetrix subulata, as a model system in order to investigate the degree of niche differentiation between alternative color morphs that are present within a single population. First, I hypothesized that individuals belonging to different color morphs differ in their innate food preference due to somewhat dissimilar physiology, and in their actual food consumption due in part to differential habitat use. READ MORE

  5. 5. Evaluation of hand skin temperature : Infrared thermography in combination with cold stress tests

    Author : Katarina Leijon Sundqvist; Niklas Lehto; James Mercer; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cold provocation; rewarming; thermoregulation; dynamic IR thermography; Health Science; Hälsovetenskap;

    Abstract : AbstractSince ancient times, warm or cold skin on the human body has been used as a parameter in evaluating health. Changes in body temperature are attributed to diseases or disorders. The assessment of body temperature is often performed to measure fever by detecting an elevated core temperature. READ MORE