Search for dissertations about: "thesis in tracheostomy"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 6 swedish dissertations containing the words thesis in tracheostomy.

  1. 1. Long-Term Tracheostomy : Outcome, Cannula care, and Material Wear

    Author : Gunilla Björling; Unn-Britt Johansson; Claes Frostell; Agneta Markström; Bengt Midgren; Sophiahemmet Högskola; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Long-term tracheostomy; Respiratory failure; Hospital care; Tracheostomy care; Decontamination; Trachestomy tube; Material degradation; Polymeric material; Health-related quality of life; Nursing; Omvårdnad; tracheostomy; long-term care; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Long-term tracheostomy; respiratory failure; hospital care; tracheostomy care; decontamination; tracheostomy tube; material degradation; polymeric material; and health-related quality of life;

    Abstract : Do people with long-term tracheostomy need hospital care? Which cleaning method is most appropriate for decontamination of inner cannulae? Are tracheostomy tubes changed for rational reasons? There is clearly a lack of evidence based research in this field and the clinical guidelines available are often based on local practice. A tracheostomy is a created opening in trachea to facilitate breathing. READ MORE

  2. 2. Airborne nitric oxide : Inflammatory marker and aerocrine messenger in man

    Author : Jon Lundberg; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ARDS; asthma; cystic fibrosis; cystitis; exhaled air; inflammatory bowel disease; inhaled nitric oxide; Kartagener s syndrome; nitric oxide synthase; sinusitis; ;

    Abstract : We have used a chemiluminescence technique to measure gaseous nitric oxide (NO) directly in hollow organs of humans. NO production was studied in the airways of healthy controls and patients with chronic inflammatory airway disease, in the stomach of healthy subjects, in the colon of patients with inflammatory bowel disease, and in the urinary bladder of patients with cystitis. READ MORE

  3. 3. Home Mechanical Ventilation in Sweden. Demography, Indications, Clinical Effects and Survival

    Author : Michael Laub; Lund Lungmedicin och Allergologi; []
    Keywords : MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; home mechanical ventilation; Andningsorganen; Respiratory system; causes of death; selection criteria; clinical effects; prevalence; temporal changes; survival; Chronic respiratory failure hypoventilation;

    Abstract : Home mechanical ventilation in patients with chronic respiratory failure secondary to several different diseases has become widely acceptable as the provision of ventilatory support can provide symptomatic relief and increase life expectancy. Aims: To study the selection criteria underlying the initiation of home mechanical ventilation and to quantify the effects of in relation to blood gases and lung function; to examine temporal changes in treatment prevalence in Sweden; to study survival and causes of death and demonstrate possible related impact factors. READ MORE

  4. 4. Upper airway surgery in obstructive sleep apnoea : descriptive, observational and randomised controlled studies

    Author : Nanna Browaldh; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a general health problem which causes daytime sleepiness, impaired quality of life and increased morbidity and mortality. A narrow upper airway anatomy is a common cause of OSAS, and tracheostomy was the initial surgical treatment for OSAS. READ MORE

  5. 5. Disability and health-related quality of life in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and caregiving experience from the perspective of next of kin

    Author : Petter Sandstedt; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Abstract : Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative motor neuron disease leading to progressive muscle weakness resulting in respiratory failure and death. The average survival time from diagnosis is two to three years. The use of tracheostomy invasive ventilation (TIV) may, however, prolong life by several years. READ MORE