Search for dissertations about: "thesis on acute gastroenteritis"

Showing result 1 - 5 of 10 swedish dissertations containing the words thesis on acute gastroenteritis.

  1. 1. Acute gastroenteritis in children : a study with special emphasis on enteric adenovirus and rotavirus infections

    Author : Ingrid Uhnoo; Uppsala universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Abstract : .... READ MORE

  2. 2. Studies on bacterial transmission pathways in a high endemic area, with a focus on Helicobacter pylori

    Author : Anders Janzon; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Keywords : H. pylori; enterotoxigenic E. coli; V. cholerae; real-time PCR; transmission pathways; gastroenteritis; mouse infection models; bacterial gene expression;

    Abstract : Even though half of the world’s population is infected with Helicobacter pylori, which causes gastritis, peptic ulcer and gastric cancer, the transmission routes of these bacteria remain unknown despite extensive epidemiological studies. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) and Vibrio cholerae are two of the most common causes of acute watery diarrhea in developing countries. READ MORE

  3. 3. Vibrio cholerae modulates the immune defense of human gut mucosa

    Author : Aziz Bitar; Marie-Louise Hammarström; Sun Nynt Wai; Mikael Rehn; Umeå universitet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Vibrio cholerae; intestinal epithelial cell; duodenum biopsy; acute cholera; immunomodulation; microRNA; OMV; cytokine; T84 monolayer; miR-146; miR-155; VCC; PrtV; hemolysis; IL-8; TNF-a; IL-1b; IL-18; CCL20; IRAK2; inflammation; mikrobiologi; Microbiology; immunologi; Immunology;

    Abstract : The key function of innate immunity is to sense danger signals and initiate effective responses as a defense mechanism against pathogens. Simultaneously, effector responses must be regulated to avoid excessive inflammation with resulting tissue damage. READ MORE

  4. 4. Short and long term effects of bacterial gastrointestinal infection

    Author : Anders Ternhag; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Gastroenteritis; acute infectious diarrhea; Salmonella; Campylobacter; mortality; complications; morbidity; late effects; epidemiology; hospitalization; cohort study;

    Abstract : The objectives of this thesis were to increase our understanding of the mortality and complications associated with bacterial gastrointestinal infections, with focus on Salmonella and Campylobacter enteritis. The effect of antibiotics vs. placebo on duration of diarrhea in Campylobacter enteritis was also examined. READ MORE

  5. 5. Pathogenetic mechanisms in irritable bowel syndrome

    Author : Hans Törnblom; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Keywords : MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Irritable bowel syndrome; functional gastrointestinal disorder; immunohistochemistry; full-thickness biopsy; enteric nervous system; autoantibody; gastroenteritis; risk factor;

    Abstract : p>Aims of the thesis: To study new pathogenetic mechanisms in IBS; to find out if IBS is a neuromuscular disease affecting the small bowel; to study humoral factors in gut dysmotility associated with visceral neuropathy; and to study the natural history of post-infectious gastro-intestinal (GI) symptoms and risk factors for their development. Material and methods: In studies I and II, full-thickness jejunum biopsies from patients with severe IBS were investigated with immunohistochemistry. READ MORE